Planets in Vedic Astrology

All events in a person’s life are thought to be regulated by the planets in Vedic Astrology. These celestial objects influence everyone’s personality and destiny. The location of the planets at the time of our birth determines our characteristics and attributes. It is necessary to understand the planets in Vedic astrology in order to better understand ourselves and our destiny.

Vedic astrology views the solar system from a geocentric perspective, with the earth as the centre of all activity. All other planets, as well as the sun and moon, orbit the earth, having an impact on life on the planet. Unlike modern astronomy, which considers the sun to be a star and the moon to be the only natural satellite of the earth, Vedic astrology considers the sun and moon to be planets with significant influence on our lives.

To produce astrological forecasts, Vedic astrology takes into account seven planets (Graha) and two shadow planets (Chhaya Graha). These are the nine planets, or Nava Graha, for ease of reference. Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn are the seven planets, with Rahu and Ketu as the two shadow planets. Rahu and Ketu are also known as the north and south poles of the moon. The head and tail of the Demon are considered to be these. The planets pass through the 12 rasis (houses) of the horoscope at varying speeds. When a planet enters a house, it begins to influence the house and the attributes connected with it in a variety of ways, as well as the interactions between planets.

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In Vedic astrology, the various planets have a variety of properties and consequences. Some planets, known as benefic planets, always have a beneficial influence on the house they aspect. Guru or Jupiter (Fortuna major) and Shukra or Venus are two benign planets (Fortuna minor). Other planets are malefic, bringing with them tragedy and poor luck. Under their influence, a person may have roadblocks, financial troubles, and health problems. Shani or Saturn (unfortunate major) and Mangal or Mars are two malefic planets in Vedic astrology (unfortunate minor). Other planets have varied effects in different homes and with other planets, and their impacts are not defined in watertight compartments. The Sun, also known as Surya, is one of these planets.

Planets are also grouped as being planets of the day like the Sun, Jupiter, and Saturn, as well as planets of the night like the Moon, Mars, and Venus. Mercury is a peculiar planet that is a planet of both the day as well as the night. A planet is also regarded as a male or a female in Vedic astrology. The planets like Sun, Jupiter, and Mars are male planets, while Moon and Venus are female planets. Mercury again has the attributes of the male and the female planets.


In astrology, the sun rules the individual’s self, ego, personality, and spirit. It is known as the King of the Planets, and it represents our fathers, as well as any other figure of authority in our lives, such as our bosses at work and government officials. The 5th house and the Singh Rashi or Leo are ruled by the Sun. It spends 30 days in each rashi and completes the cycle of 12 rashis in a year.

People in positions of authority are said to have a strong Sun because the sun is the ruler’s representative. It bestows attributes of leadership such as strength, courage, and determination. It is also supposed to make a person creative and give them the ability to conquer obstacles.


In astrology, the moon rules the conscious and thinking mind. It is thought to be in charge of a person’s emotions and sentiments. The Moon is also known as the Queen of the Planets, and on Earth, it represents our mother and any other nurturing female figure. Moon is exalted in Taurus and dominates the 4th house of astrology, as well as the sign of Cancer, or the Kark Rashi. The Moon spends a little more than 2 days in each of the 12 houses and takes 27 nights to complete a full cycle of the 12 rashis.

The 27 nights correspond to the 27 constellations, which represent Moon’s 27 spouses, each of whom spends one night in her palace. It gained power with Lord Shiva’s blessings.

The moon’s nature is kapha, which regulates all things watery. It is supposed to have influence over the intellect, as well as beauty and pleasures in one’s life. The Moon is friendly to the Sun and Mercury, but not to Venus, Mars, Jupiter, or Saturn.


Mercury is the planet of education, knowledge, logic, and calculation in Vedic astrology. Mercury-ruled people make outstanding mathematicians and astrologers. Mercury is the heir—the prince among the planets—and it represents our siblings on Earth. Mercury is thought to transit one residence every month or so. Mercury rules Gemini and Virgo and is exalted in Virgo, making it the only planet exalted in its own sign.

Mercury is the significator of speech and communicative ability and is also regarded as the messenger of God. It is symbolic also of devotion, especially the worship of Vishnu.

Mercury possesses Rajsik Guna and belongs to the Vaishya varna. Its colour is green, and it represents one Ritu, or two-month season. It is favourable to the Sun and Venus, but not to the Moon. When it comes to Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn, Mercury is neutral.


In astrology, Venus is the princess of the planets and has feminine attributes. It also influences love, passion, marriage, and the pleasures of life. It also represents fertility and a good Venus is auspicious for one’s love life. Venus is the ruler of Taurus- Vrishabh Rashi, as well as Libra- Tula Rashi. It is exalted in Pisces.

Among the five elements, Venus represents water. It denotes the presence of a woman in a man’s life and is frequently associated with Maha Laxmi, Lord Vishnu’s wife. A good Venus also exhibits an artistic and musically skilled disposition.

Venus is friendly with Mercury and Saturn, but not with the Sun, Moon, or Mars, and is neutral with Jupiter.


Mars is the commander in astrology, as it represents violence. Aggression, fast thinking, heroism, strength, and courage are all attributes linked with it. The Mesha Rashi, or Aries, and the Vrishchik Rashi, or Scorpio, are both ruled by Mars.

Mars has tamsik guna and belongs to the Kshatriya varna. It has a strong masculine vibe and is full of energy. It is a very energetic and swift and often picks up fights easily. People with a strong Mars are often fickle-minded and very willing to react to any circumstance, particularly when they feel threatened.

Mars is amicable to the Sun, Moon, and Jupiter, but antagonistic to Mercury. Mars is neutral with Venus and Saturn.

JUPITER (GURU OR BRIHASPATI)jupiter-transit-popup-mobile

Jupiter is regarded as the most important minister, the King’s minister, according to astrology. Mythology indicates that Brishaspati is the Dev Guru, or the Guru of Devas. The signs of Pisces (Meen Rashi) and Sagittarius (Dhanu Rashi) are ruled by Jupiter. In the sign of Cancer, it is exalted.

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Jupiter is known as Fortuna major, and is consequently the planet of good fortune. It is considered to be a benign and benefic planet. Jupiter’s influence can help a person overcome a variety of problems. It is considered to bestow tremendous wealth and good fortune on a person, and if this planet is in an unfavourable position in the birth chart, one may be bereft of prosperity and good fortune. Jupiter represents the figure of the teacher, mentor, or guide in one’s life as the Dev Guru. Jupiter can also represent the husband in the life of a lady.

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Jupiter is the planet that governs knowledge and learning, and is also a source of happiness. Jupiter is the planet that rules knowledge and learning and makes one wise. Jupiter has a cordial relationship with the Sun, Moon, and Mars, but a neutral relationship with Saturn. Jupiter has enmity with Venus and Mercury, despite the fact that they are not enemies with Jupiter.


Capricorn (Makar Rashi) and Aquarius (Kumbha Rashi) are ruled by Saturn. In Libra, it is elevated. Saturn is considered to bring challenges and obstacles to any task, and individuals with an afflicted Saturn find it extremely difficult to achieve success in any pursuit. Legend has it that Saturn received a boon from Goddess Parvati, according to which no major or vital job can be completed without Saturn’s wish.

Saturn is a slow-moving planet that is thought to signify a person’s patience. Saturn is the planet of sickness, disease, and adversity. Obstruction, sadness, and even death are all aspects of Saturn’s impact. Under difficult circumstances, if a person bears the aspect of Saturn then, it may lead to an early death of the person. Saturn is also considered to impart results based on a person’s karma, or deeds, as a result of his actions. Despite its many negative associations, Saturn plays an important role in spiritual upliftment, and many saints have a favourable Saturn sign.

Saturn has a favourable relationship with Mercury and Venus, but has a hostile relationship with the Sun, Moon, and Mars. With Jupiter, Saturn has a neutral position.

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Unlike the other planets in astrology that are ‘Grahaas’, Rahu is a ‘chhaya Grahaa’ or shadow planet. Rahu and Ketu are mathematical points responsible for solar and lunar eclipses. In Taurus/Gemini, Rahu is exalted. Rahu resembles Saturn in appearance and is believed to be diabolical because it is the Demon’s head. Rahu has no distinguishing characteristics and absorbs the traits of the planets and houses with which it is associated or positioned in. As a result, Rahu’s influence can vary greatly depending on other factors.

In humans, Rahu represents irrationality, deception, poor logic, and other undesirable qualities. Rahu is the astrological planet that seeks out wealth and material comfort and is extremely greedy. However, a person’s life may be marked by a great deal of riches and financial prosperity as a result of Rahu’s influence. As a result, Rahu represents material and worldly comforts.

Rahu shares a favourable relationship with Jupiter, Saturn, and Venus, but are enemies with the Sun and Moon. Mercury has a neutral relationship with Rahu.

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Ketu, like Rahu, is a mathematical point (a node) that causes solar and lunar eclipses. It is the demon’s body or tail. Ketu, unlike Rahu, is not considered as a diabolical planet, but rather it is regarded as the ‘moksha karaka,’ or the liberating power or force. It induces a profound spiritual effect and can help a person transcend the cycle of life and death.

Scriptures depict that Ketu attained vast knowledge and is thus the symbol of profound penance and knowledge, and signifies the final moksha. It seeks enlightenment and liberation from earthly pursuits and pleasures. Because it is a chhaya Grahaa, the planets in each house have a significant influence on its impact.

Ketu is exalted in Scorpio and Sagittarius. It shares friendly relations with Mars, Venus, and Saturn, but is hostile with the Sun and Moon. With Mercury and Jupiter, it is neutral.

Male and female planets in astrology

In Vedic astrology, the classification of planets extends beyond a simple binary of male and female energies. Each planet carries distinct characteristics, some embodying purely masculine or feminine attributes, while others exhibit a duality of gender. Understanding these gender attributions adds depth to astrological interpretations, offering insights into how planetary energies influence various aspects of life.

Masculine Planets:

Sun (Surya):

At the helm of masculine energy, the Sun symbolizes the self, vitality, authority, and leadership. Its radiance reflects assertiveness, courage, and ambition, driving individuals towards goals with unwavering determination.

Jupiter (Guru/Brihaspati):

Known as the planet of wisdom and expansion, Jupiter governs knowledge, growth, and spiritual enlightenment. Its masculine energy channels guidance, optimism, and philosophical pursuits, inspiring individuals to seek higher understanding and broader horizons.

Mars (Mangala):

As the planet of action and drive, Mars instills energy, passion, and determination. Its masculine attributes encompass aggression, courage, and assertive force, empowering individuals to overcome obstacles and pursue their desires with vigor.

Feminine Planets:

Moon (Chandra):

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The Moon embodies the essence of femininity, reflecting emotions, intuition, and nurturing instincts. Its gentle energy fosters sensitivity, receptivity, and emotional intelligence, guiding individuals through the ebb and flow of life’s experiences.

Venus (Shukra):

Revered for its association with love, beauty, and harmony, Venus emanates feminine allure and creativity. Its grace and charm inspire appreciation for aesthetics, fostering harmony in relationships and artistic endeavors.

Dual Gender Planets:

Mercury (Budha):

Mercury, the planet of intellect and communication, exhibits a duality of gender attributes. Its versatile energy encompasses both masculine and feminine qualities, facilitating adaptability, learning, and effective expression in diverse situations.

Saturn (Shani):

Governing discipline, responsibility, and karmic lessons, Saturn transcends traditional gender roles. Its neutral energy embodies patience, perseverance, and the enduring qualities necessary for growth and maturity, guiding individuals towards self-mastery and spiritual evolution.

In astrology, the interplay of masculine, feminine, and neutral energies from different planets influences various facets of life, including relationships, career, and personal growth. By understanding the nuanced qualities of each planet’s gender attribution, astrologers provide valuable insights to navigate life’s journey with greater awareness and alignment with cosmic energies.

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