Ram Navami: Date, Time and Significance

The Hindu scriptures have announced the incarnation of Lord Ram in the universal scriptures that narrate the history and tradition of our religion. In this verse from the Brahma-Samhita, we see a beautiful description of the birth of the exalted Lord Ram.

ramadi murtishu kala-niyamena tishthan
nanavataram akarod bhuvaneshu kintu
krishnah svayam samabhavat paramah puman yo
govindam adi-purusham tam aham bhajami

The incarnation is compared to the waves of a river. The verse states that as the waves of the river or the waves of the ocean cannot be counted, similarly, it is impossible to count the incarnations of the Supreme Lord. However, from these manifold incarnations, the principal names are mentioned in the sastras and we see Lord Ram mentioned here, signifying his unequivocal importance in the shastras.

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Lord Ram was born in the Treta-yuga, about two million years before the period we are living in. We still celebrate the day with pomp and fervor as the Lord is still remembered by people across the world.

One of the most important Hindu festivals, Ram Navami commemorates the birth of Lord Sri Ram who is the seventh avatar or incarnation of the Hindu Almighty Vishnu. Scriptures state that Ram Navami falls on the ninth day (Navami) of the Shukla paksha (waxing phase) of the Hindu lunisolar month Chaitra. In the Gregorian calendar, this day usually falls in either March or April.

The festival also has other names like Chaitra Masa Sukla paksha Navami, and the date coincides with Vasant Navaratri or Chaitra Durga Puja. Some parts of the world celebrate the occasion with festivities ranging over a period of nine days. During the auspicious festival, Hindus hold various poojas and rituals at their homes and in temples, welcoming Lord Ram into their hearts and abodes.

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When is Ram Navami in 2022?

Ram Navami in 2022 falls on 10th of April, Sunday.
Ram Navami Madhyahna Muhurat – 11:06 AM to 01:39 PM
Duration – 02 Hours 33 Mins
Ram Navami Madhyahna Moment – 12:23 PM

ram navami

Ram Navami 2022 is on Sunday, 10th April. This day has the distinction of being the 100th day of the year 2022. Lord Rama was born to Queen Kaushalya as a result of King Dasharatha performing Putrakameshti Yagna upon the advice of Sage Vashishta. The other queens Kaikeyi and Sumitra gave birth to prince Bharata and princes Lakshmana and Shatrughna respectively.

Lord Rama is believed to have been born during the Madhyayna period (noon) of the 9th tithi of Chaitra Masa Shukla Paksha. This corresponds to the period between 11 AM and 1 PM according to the western clock. This is the most auspicious time to perform Ram Navami rituals.

Ram Navami also marks the culmination of Vasanta Navratri or the Chaitra Navratri festival. Thousands of devotees throng Ayodhya, the birthplace of Lord Rama, to take a holy dip in the river Sarayu on Ram Navami. It is believed Lord Rama left the mortal world behind by immersing himself in River Sarayu and hence the tradition.

Birth of Rama – the legend and the astrology facts

Now that we know the spiritual relevance of the festival, what is the legend behind this auspicious day? The story of Ram Navami begins with the King of Lanka, the mighty Ravan. During Ravan’s rule, the population was mercilessly terrorized, and people wished to attain freedom from the demons king and his menacing soldiers.

However, no simple man could defeat the king because he had acquired the blessing of Lord Brahma which meant that he would never get killed by the Gods or Yakshas (demigod). Therefore, Ravan had become the most powerful being in the world and his might knew no bounds. Due to this terrorism and threat, all gods made their way to the eternal savior Lord Vishnu and requested his help in handling the situation and freeing humankind from the menace of Ravan.

Lord Vishnu acquiesced and this led him to take the incarnation of Lord Ram on Earth. Lord Ram was born to Kausalya, the wife of King Dasaratha, and he went on to defeat the monstrous King Ravan and free the people from his clutches. Ever since, the day of Lord Ram’s birth is celebrated as Ram Navami. It was also on a Chaitra Shukla Navami that Tulsidas began writing the exalted treatise Ramcharitmanas.

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Lord Ram was born in Ayodhya to King Dasharatha and Queen Kausalya of the noble Ikshvaku dynasty, and he led an exemplary life filled with virtues like modesty, generosity, and obligation. He suffered many wrongdoings at the hands of his relatives, and finally, after an immense struggle, Lord Ram and his faithful cohorts managed to kill the demonic King Ravana who was characterized by the vices of covetousness, oppressiveness, and arrogance.

The renowned sage Valmiki, in Ramayana, narrates the finer details of Lord Ram’s birth chart. He states that Queen Kausalya bore a son on the ninth day of Chaitra month, where the ruling star was Punarvasu and the presiding deity of the ruling star was Aditi. The asterism was in the ascendant and Sun, along with the four planets Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, and Venus were at their highest positions, while Jupiter with Moon was ascendant in Cancer. Some modern astrological studies suggest January 10, 5114 BC as Lord Ram’s date of birth.

The almighty Lord Ram is the seventh avatar of Lord Vishnu. According to the Hindu belief, Lord Vishnu incarnates on Earth, at regular intervals, to save people from the clutches of evil and establish the path of righteousness or dharma.

How is Ram Navami celebrated?

As a major Hindu festival, Ram Navami is celebrated with great fervor across Hindu nations, especially India. The festival is highly popular among the Vaishnavite sect of Hindus. The celebration includes aspects like the narration of Ramayan, recitation of Ramaraksha Stotra, organization of Kirtans, decoration of Lord Ram’s idol with beautiful ornaments and embellishments, and swinging the idol in a cradle. The Ramayana is continuously recited in the month of Chaitra, prior to the celebration. On the day of Ram Navami, the highlights of the legend are read aloud in the temple, with devotees thronging to pay respect to the Lord.

Hindus embark on a cleansing and purifying spree before the auspicious festival by thoroughly cleaning their houses. The family shrine or household holy spot is decorated with small statues of Lord Ram. People place offerings of flowers and fruits in the shrine and recite prayers after an early bath and purification ritual.

Some people also fast and restrict themselves to a fruit diet to honor the Lord on this day. Usually, items like onions, garlic, and wheat products are not consumed on Ram Navami. In some places, people follow a tradition where they tie an earthen pot filled with money on top of a tree. The tree’s base is covered with soft mud. Youth from the locality then try to climb up and claim this pot by forming human pyramids while other people throw water at them to stop them from achieving the task easily.

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In some parts of South India, the auspicious day is also considered as the wedding anniversary of Lord Ram and Sita. On this day, the Bhadrachalam Temple in Telangana performs the world-famous ‘Sitarama Kalyanam’, or the ceremonial wedding of the divine couple. People also celebrate the occasion in their houses by marrying the idols of the deities and a procession is held in the evenings. Places associated with Lord Ram’s life, like Ayodhya in Uttar Pradesh, Sita Samhit Sthal in Bihar, Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh, and Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu see multitudes of devotees thronging to the holy places to welcome Lord Ram into their hearts and lives.

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Significance of Ram Navami

Along with being one of the most important festivals celebrated by Hindus across the globe, Ram Navami also symbolizes the victory of good over evil, as Lord Ram, the embodiment of virtues, defeats King Ravan, who is full of vices and cruelty. The festival also signifies the establishment of the Dharma to beat the Adharma. The celebration of the festival begins with a water offering, in the early morning, to the Sun God as people believe that the Sun God was an ancestor of Lord Ram, as Lord Ram belongs to the Suryavanshi clan.

Ram Navami is one of the five major holy festivals celebrated by Hindus. In earlier periods, this was one of the few festivals that the lower caste people were allowed to celebrate and hence it was celebrated with great fervor by all the classes of the society. People believe that fasting on this auspicious day will help them attain nirvana or salvation. Indeed, the Lord’s name itself means bliss or happiness and Lord Ram bestows these qualities on the people who remember and worship him with all their hearts.

It is widely known that Lord Ram was born on earth to bring back the lost glory in humanity, destroy evil, and save innocent mankind. It is important to understand his characters and virtues and imbibe them in our daily lives even as we gather to celebrate this auspicious festival and worship the Lord and Saviour.

Indeed, we know that the life and journey of Lord Ram is an example for all of us. We can all attain salvation and happiness if we follow the virtues exemplified by the Lord in our own lives. He is, truly, an embodiment of noble qualities. It was because of these characteristics that he was called Maryada Purushottam or a perfect human being. Lord Ram’s actions and practices in life offer us the perfect example of how to lead our lives as good and exemplary human beings who bring positivity and goodness to the world.

Lord Ram’s life choices were always in tune with dharma or the right path. He taught all of us the lessons of righteousness and goodness by showing his own example as an ideal son, an ideal brother, an ideal husband, an ideal friend, and an ideal king. During his rule, the earth was prosperous and happy, and his subjects were full of devotion and joy. ‘Ram Rajya’ is the name given to ideal rule which embodies justice, happiness, harmony, and prosperity for all humans. We must always attempt to be like Lord Ram even as we celebrate the auspicious festival with all our hearts.

What is Ram Navami celebrated for?

Ram Navami is the birthday of Lord Rama. It is celebrated on the 9th tithi of Chaitra Masa Shukla Paksha or the 9th day of the bright lunar phase in the month of Chaitra, which is March-April in the western calendar. Ram Navami 2022 falls on Sunday, 10 April. Lord Rama is one of the most famous icons of Hindu culture. His life, majorly covering the period of his marriage to Sita and rescuing her from Emperor Ravana who had abducted her has been immortalized in the grand epic Ramayana. Lord Rama is considered to be the seventh avatar of Lord Vishnu. Lord Rama is called ‘maryadapurushothaman’, meaning the epitome of a well-mannered man. More than his killing of Ravana, Rama’s feat of constructing a floating bridge across the ocean to Lanka is the most retold story in the epic of Ramayana. Fallen portions of the ancient bridge can still be spotted in Palk Strait. Lord Rama is the most celebrated icon of Hindu culture. Therefore his birthday is naturally of immense significance to his billions of devotees.

Why do we celebrate Ram Navami twice?

Ram Navami is not celebrated twice. It is a misunderstanding that Ram Navami occurs twice in a year. Ram Navami is the birthday of Lord Ram. It is an annual event that falls on the 9th day of Shukla Paksha or the bright lunar phase during the month of Chaitra, which corresponds to the March-April period in the western calendar. The confusion arises due to the two Navratris that are celebrated every year, which are closely associated with events in the life of Lord Rama as well. One Navratri is celebrated during the first nine days of Chaitra month known as the Chaitra Navratri.

The other Navratri is celebrated during the first nine days of the Ashwina (September – October) known as Ashwina Navratri. This means Rama Navami comes as part of Chaitra Navratri, and his killing of Ravana happened the day after Ashwina Navratri which is celebrated as Dusshera. Hence, the confusion regarding the two Ram Navamis.

Before Lord Rama’s time, Chaitra Navratri used to be the more popular of the two Navratris. Since then, the cult of Lord Rama has grown to become so big that Ram Navami swallowed the Chaitra Navratri celebration. In the modern-day, Ashwina Navratri is celebrated with more fervour than Chaitra Navratri. However, it needs to be specified that there is only one Ram Navami a year.

Is Ram Navami a good day?

Ram Navami is a very auspicious day. As mentioned earlier, it is the 9th day during the bright lunar phase of the Chaitra month. It is also famous as part of Chaitra Navratri. The importance of the month of Chaitra is that it comes during the equinox time as per the Sidereal calendar. So the length of the days and nights are more or less the same during this time. Navratri signifies the triumph of good over evil.

Lord Rama, born on the 9th day of Chaitra Navratri, is best remembered for vanquishing the demon emperor Ravana and freeing the world from his despotic rule. Of the two lunar phases, the bright phase or Shukla Paksha is considered more auspicious than the dark phase of the Krishna Paksha. Since Goddess Durga defeated demon Mahishasura on the ninth day of the bright phase, this day is considered auspicious. Navami tithi as such is not seen as an ideal day for auspicious tasks. But the month of Chaitra is traditionally seen as the start of the Hindu New Year. So Chaitra Navratri and consequently Ram Navami are considered auspicious.

What can we eat on Ram Navami?

Observing Ram Navami vrat is very important to devotees of Lord Rama. The vrat usually begins from the previous night and extends till midnight of Navami day. The staunchest of devotees undergo nirjala vrat, which is fasting without taking even water. This is not possible for normal devotees, especially those with health problems. Such people follow a partial fast that is limiting their diet to certain food items.

Potatoes made in any form without haldi, garlic, ginger or onions are advised. Sendha Namak or rock salt is used for the preparation of the food. Consuming curd, milk, tea, coffee, fruits and vegetables is not permissible as part of Ram Navami vrat. Most people fast with just a single meal during the 24-hour period, and usually, this meal is limited to fruits.

Devotees perform special worship and observe homa to Lord Ram’s picture or idol during this day. Observing Ram Navami vrat is a strongly followed tradition believed to be over 5000 years old. The devotees observing the fast are blessed with happiness, peace, wealth, and prosperity.

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When was Lord Ram born?

As per the latest scientific calculations, Lord Rama was born on 10th January 5114 BC. As per ancient history, Lord Rama was born on the ninth day of the bright lunar phase of Chaitra month, which corresponds to March-April in the western calendar. The difference is explained by the precision of equinoxes where the synodic equinox goes backwards at the rate of one day per 72 years when compared to the Sidereal calendar. So, a difference of 7200 years means the Chaitra month used to come around 100 days early during January at the time of Lord Rama’s birth. This date is however widely disputed.

As per the Hindu division of time, one Divya Yuga has four divisions in it – Satya Yuga, Treta Yuga, Dwapara Yuga and Kali Yuga. Satya Yuga is 1,728,000 solar years. Treta Yuga – 1,296,000 years, Dvapara Yuga – 864,000 years, and Kali Yuga – 432,000 years. As per ancient history, Lord Rama lived during the Treta Yuga. We are currently passing through the Kali Yuga. Going by this math, Lord Rama must have lived a long time before 5114 BC. However, powerful software which can accurately calculate the position and condition of Earth that far back in time with respect to stars and planets is not available. Hence the correct date of birth of Lord Ram continues to be a matter of debate.

How long did Lord Rama live?

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As per conservative estimates, Lord Rama went to exile when he was 25 years old. He became the king of Ayodhya after defeating Ravana and rescuing Sita when he was 39 years old. He relinquished the throne when he was 70 years old. But according to ancient history, Lord Rama ruled for 11,000 years. This is explained by the ancient theory that for a person living life strictly as per the rules of Dharma, one day equals one year of a normal person. Here one year is 360 days of 12 months with each month having 30 days. Applying this math, we see that 11,000 years becomes 30 years and six months, thus equaling the conservative estimate of Lord Rama’s rule.

However, this math is also disputed by traditionalists. It is widely believed that the life span of human beings has been decreasing through the yugas. Lord Rama is believed to have lived during the Treta Yuga and it is said that people at that time were more spiritually inspired by having regular contact with ethereal beings and that their life spans stretched for thousands of years. King Dasharatha, father of Lord Rama is said to have lived for 60,000 years.

On which days are Lord Rama worshipped?

The ninth day of the bright lunar phase of Chaitra month is celebrated as Ram Navami as it is believed Lord Ram was born on this day. Other than Ram Navami, Sunday is also associated with Lord Ram. ‘Rama’ means the embodiment of perfection in human form. It is for this reason that Lord Rama is also called ‘Maryadapurushothaman’.

Other than these two days, Dusshera and Diwali are two other days when Lord Rama is worshipped Dusshera is the tenth day of Ashwin month. It is on this day that Lord Rama defeated Emperor Ravana. On this same day, at an earlier time Goddess Durga had killed the buffalo-headed demon Mahishasura. Diwali is celebrated as the day Lord Rama returned to Ayodhya after defeating Ravana. Both these days are very significant for devotees of Lord Rama.

Which day is dedicated to Lord Rama?

Ram Navami is the most important day dedicated to Lord Rama. It is the birthday of Lord Rama. In some places, it is celebrated as the day when Lord Rama and Sita got married. It is celebrated as a week-long fest when Ramayana is recited on all days to awaken the spirit and devotion of the people. On weekdays, Sunday is associated with Lord Rama.

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