Akshaya Tritiya 2023: A day for new beginnings and eternal blessings
holds immense significance in the Hindu calendar
. It is celebrated on the third tithi (lunar day) of the Shukla Paksha (waxing phase) in the month of Vaishakha, when the Sun is at its brightest in Mesha Rasi during daytime and the Moon is at its brightest during nighttime while stationed in the Rishaba Rasi. This unique alignment of celestial bodies is believed to bless the Earth with the best of both worlds, that of the Sun and the Moon.
When is Akshaya Tritiya
Akshaya Tritiya 2023 is on Saturday, 22nd April.
Every second of this day is considered auspicious. While it is popularly known as the best day to purchase gold, Akshaya Tritiya
is also considered an ideal time for new beginnings. The word Akshaya means that which does not undergo kshaya or that which never diminishes.
One of the most well-known legends associated with Akshaya Tritiya
is the story of the Akshaya Patra. It is believed that Surya Deva presented Panchali, the wife of Pandavas, with the Akshaya Patra during the exile of the Pandavas. Tritiya means third, which refers to the third lunar day.
On Akshaya Tritiya, people perform puja and offer prayers to Lord Vishnu, Goddess Lakshmi, Lord Ganesha, and Lord Kubera. Buying gold on this day is considered to bring prosperity and eternal wealth.
Akshaya Tritiya 2023 Dates and Timings
Akshaya Tritiya 2023 will be celebrated on Saturday, April 22.
The timings are as below:
Akshaya Tritiya Puja Muhurat – 07:49 AM to 12:20 PM
Duration – 04 Hours 31 Mins
Tritiya Tithi Begins – 07:49 AM on April 22, 2023
Tritiya Tithi Ends – 07:47 AM on April 23, 2023
Akshaya Tritiya 2023 – Gold Purchase Timings — April 22, 07:49 AM to April 23, 05:48 AM
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Akshaya Tritiya Puja Vidhi
On this day, devotees wake up early in the morning and, after taking a bath, perform puja and worship Lord Vishnu, Lord Ganesha, Goddess Lakshmi, and Lord Kubera
. The puja rituals to be performed on Akshaya Tritiya are explained below. Devotees must ensure to clean their houses properly. The following items are required for the puja ritual – sweets made from milk, sandalwood paste, incense sticks, flowers, Tulsi leaves, sesame seeds, chana dal, and Prasad made with rice idols of gods.
The Puja Vidhi is as follows:
The Puja Vidhi for Akshaya Tritiya is an important aspect of the day’s celebrations. Devotees follow the below steps to perform the puja:
- Clean the puja room and decorate the area with flowers and decorations.
- Place the idols of the gods for worship and offer sandalwood paste and flowers while chanting mantras.
- Offer the gold or jewellery purchased on Akshaya Tritiya for puja.
- While worshipping Lord Vishnu, devotees offer yellow clothes, incense sticks, sesame seeds, Tulsi leaves, sweets, chana dal, and Prasad.
- Recite Vishnu Sahasranama and Vishnu Chalisa during the puja offerings.
- Offer a special bhog to Lord Vishnu and seek blessings for prosperity and wealth in the home.
- Distribute the Prasad to family and friends who participated in the puja.
- Sing aarti and donate food to the needy and poor.
- Worship and offer food to the cow as it symbolizes love and warmth and is considered auspicious.
- By performing these puja rituals with devotion and sincerity, devotees believe that they can receive the blessings of the deities and ensure their eternal prosperity.
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Mantras to be chanted while offering the puja.
Below are the mantras to be chanted while worshipping each god.
Mantras for Lord Ganesh
“Om Gam Ganapathaye Namaha“
“Vakratunda Mahakaya Suryakoti Samaprabha, Nirvighnam Kurume Deva Sarvakaryeshu Sarvada“
Lord Vishnu Mantra
“Om namo Bhagavathe Vasudevaya, Om namo Narayana, Om namo Shri Srinivasaya, Om namo Venkatesaya“
Mantra for Goddess Lakshmi
“Om Shree Maha Lakshmyai Cha Vidmahe Vishnu Patnayai Cha Dheemahi Tanno Lakshmi Prachodayat Om“
Mantra for Lord Kubera
“Kubera Twam Danadeesam Gruha Te Kamala Sithta Tam Devem Prehayasu Twam Madgruge te Namo Namah“
What to donate on Akshaya Tritiya
On Akshaya Tritiya
day, people offer donations as it is believed that the virtue of donation increases manifold when donated on Akshaya Tritiya
. Donations are made in sugar, ghee, grains, fruits, vegetables, clothes, tamarind, gold, silver, etc. They should be offered with good intentions and a pious mind; only then would one achieve eternal prosperity and wealth.
Do’s and don’ts for Akshaya Tritiya
Donations done during Akshaya Tritiya
day are a kind of human service that is returned in wealth to the one who donates. It is essential to observe the rules and the list of things that one must follow during this auspicious day. Here are a few things that you must do and must avoid on Akshaya Tritiya
What to do on Akshaya Tritiya : Things you must do on Akshaya Tritiya:
It is considered auspicious to buy gold on Akshaya Tritiya
as gold is a pure and precious metal that augments wealth and prosperity. Buying gold marks the beginning of a prosperous life, and thus this act is indeed essential on this day.
Substantial investments should also be made on this day, just like buying gold and ornaments. This can include investments in the form of new ventures, or other acquisition plans that yield benefits to you and your family alike.
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Buying or possession of a house:
On the auspicious day of Akshaya Tritiya day
, many people invest in property and houses or gain possession of their new homes.
Things to avoid on Akshaya Tritiya
The sacred thread ceremony:
It is best advised to avoid conducting the sacred thread ceremony on this day as it is not considered to be auspicious for performing such a ceremony.
Fasts should never be broken on Akshaya Tritiya
day as it is considered to be inauspicious.
Significance of Akshaya Tritiya
According to Hindu mythology, Akshaya Tritiya
day marks the beginning of Tretha Yuga. Veda Vyasa started his composition of the grand Itihasa Mahabharata on this day. Akshaya Tritiya also marks the birth anniversary of Parashurama, the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu, who cleansed the Earth of evil kings and created the land of Kerala. It is also believed that the holy Ganga descended to the Earth from heaven due to Bhagiratha’s efforts on Akshaya Tritiya day. This day is also considered to be the birthday of Annapurna, the goddess of food and the kitchen. The tradition of buying gold and jewellery on Akshaya Tritiya
day ushers happiness and prosperity in the household and ensures eternal wealth for the devotees. It is believed that gold purchased on this day will never diminish and would continue to grow or appreciate every year.
It is also believed that Akshaya Tritiya
falling on Rohini Nakshatra
day on a Wednesday is considered to be very auspicious. As the word ‘Akshaya’ denotes undiminishing, the benefits of performing Japa, Yajna, Pitru-Tarpan, and charity on this day remain eternal with the person forever.
is also considered to be an auspicious day and free from all malefic effects by Vedic astrologers
. As per Hindu astrology
, the three lunar days of Yugadi, Akshaya Tritiya, and Vijaya Dashami
do not need any auspicious Muhurta to begin or perform any auspicious work as these days are free from all malefic effects.