Purnima is the word used for the full moon in Sanskrit and it is the day on which the full moon occurs. There are numerous ways of spelling Purnima/Poornima/Pournima and it is also called Purnamasi. While Purnima Vrat has auspicious and important significance in Hindu culture. Moon has its full brightness on that day and on this day people country worship Lord Vishnu and his avatars. Here we offer a quick guide to the occasion – Purnima/Full Moon.

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 What is Purnima?

The Sanskrit word “Purnima” or “Poornima” refers to  “full moon”. This day also marks the division between Shukla Paksha and Krishna Paksha. The bright full moon in the sky symbolizes the elimination of darkness and dullness with a blaze of wisdom. Hence, it is considered very auspicious.

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Significance and Importance of Purnima Vrat

 The significance of Purnima/Poornima can be judged by the fact that several renowned Hindu festivals fall on this day. Moreover, Hindu devotees fast and offer prayers to Lord Vishnu on this auspicious day. The rituals and ceremonies of this day signify birth or creation. As on the full moon day, the moon completes its one cycle around the earth, in Hinduism, it symbolizes the end of an event in an individual’s life and restarting the new chapters, new life.

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What is Purnima Vrat?

Purnima Vrat refers to “fasting”. Many devotees fast for this auspicious occasion either on Purnima day or a day before i.e. on Chaturdashi which depends on the starting time of Purnima Tithi. Generally, the fasting starts from sunrise and ends ar the rise of the full Moon.

– To conduct Purnima Vrat, the devotees must take bath before sunrise.

– From sunrise till the rise of full moon food or water is not consumed

– Those who are unable to conduct such fasting can consume fruits and milk, once. However, cereals, pulses, and regular salt are not allowed.

– The fast can be ended by offering prayers to the full moon.

– There is no special puja or diet for this fast.

Different types of Purnima Vrat or Fullmoon and how they are celebrated in India:

  • Kartik Poornima also called Tripura Purnima and celebrated as Dev Deepavali i.e. after 15 days of Diwali.
  • Shravan Poornima has multiple significance. Mostly recognized as a day of the Raksha Bandhan festival, it is also celebrated as Kajri Purnima and Nariyal Purnima, while the south brahmin community celebrates Avani Avittam on this day.
  • Vat Purnima is celebrated by married women as they fast for their husbands on this day. It is mostly celebrated in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, and some regions of eastern Uttar Pradesh.
  • Guru Purnima is celebrated in the honor of Sage Vyas, author of Mahabharata, as he is one of the greatest gurus of all time. Hence, the day is celebrated on his birth tithi.
  • Sharad Purnimamarks the end of the monsoon and the beginning of the winter season. It is celebrated in various ways in different parts of the country. However, most commonly is celebrated with “Amrit Kheer” which is kept under the rays of the moon. It is believed that on this day, moon rays drip nectar that can energize and rejuvenate body and soul.
  • Buddha Poornima, the day of Gautam Buddha’s birth, enlightenment, and demise.
  • Phalgun Purnima is celebrated as Holi in most parts of the country.
  • Datta Jayanti is celebrated as the birthday of God Dattātreya- a combined form of Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesha.
  • Chaitra Purnima is celebrated as Hanuman Jayanti. However, Hanuman Jayanti is celebrated on different days in various parts of the country.
  • Shakambhari Purnima occurs in paush month and is the concluding day of Shakambhari Navratri.
  • Madhu Purnimais a honey-offering Buddhist festival.

 

Poornima Vrat Dates 2021

Month Hindu month Date
January Pausha Pausha Purnina Vrat and Pausha Purnima  -January 28
February Magha Magha Purnima Vrat and Magha Purnima -February 27
March Phalguna Phalguna Purnima Vrat and Phalguna Purnima – March 28
April Chaitra Chaitra Purnima Vrat – April 26

Chaitra Purnima – April 27

May Vaishakha Vaishakha Purnima Vrat and Vaishakha Purnima – May 26
June Jyeshtha Jyeshtha Purnima Vrat and Jyeshtha Purnima – June 24
July Ashadha Ashadha Purnima Vrat -July 23

Ashadha Purnima – July 24

August Shravana Shravana Purnima Vrat and Shravana Purnima – August 22
September Bhadrapada Bhadrapada Purnima Vrat and Bhadrapada Purnima – September 20
October Ashwina Ashwina Purnima Vrat and Ashwina Purnima – October 20
November Kartik Kartik Purnima Vrat – November 18

Kartik Purnima – November 19

December Margashirsha Margashirsha Purnima Vrat – December 18

Margashirsha Purnima – December 19

While on the day of Purnima, the moon is at its full glory and the full size of the moon to create a highly pleasant landscape, we hope the same radiance is spread in the lives of our readers!

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