Indian astrology is a complex and detailed science that studies the planets and stars and offers astute guidance on the possibilities inherent in a person’s future. As an ancient field of study, astrology has been offering people answers to their varied questions, since time immemorial. Even today, in a world driven by technology and innovation, astrology remains relevant and flexible as it has an extremely strong base and reasoning behind it. One of the important aspects of astrology is the relationship between planets and houses. Let us take a look at the various characteristics of the different planets and understand their significance in our daily lives.


In Hindu Astrology, there are nine planets or Grahas. These include Rahu and Ketu, which are astronomical points formed where the moon’s orbit intersects the apparent path of the Sun around the earth. Each planet is considered to be having masculine, feminine or neutral characteristics. The planet Ravi or Sun is considered masculine, while Chandra or Moon is feminine and Kuja or Mars is masculine. Going ahead, Budha or Mercury is a neutral planet and Guru or Jupiter depicts masculine properties. The next planet is Shukra or Venus, and she is considered feminine in nature, followed by Sani or Saturn, which is a neutral planet. Then we have Rahu and Ketu, also known as Dragon Head and Dragon Tail, respectively, and they are feminine and neutral by nature.

Planets and their equivalents in English

Graha English Name Sex
Ravi Sun Masculine
Chandra Moon Feminine
Kuja Mars Masculine
Budha Mercury Neutral
Guru Jupiter Masculine
Shukra Venus Feminine
Sani Saturn Neutral
Rahu Dragon Head Feminine
Ketu Dragon Tail Neutral

Rahu and Ketu

The Moon’s apparent path intersects the ellipse obliquely at two points called the nodes. The point where the Moon crosses the ecliptic from south to north is called the ascending node or Rahu, where it crosses the ecliptic from north to south is called descending node or Ketu. These two points are 180 degrees apart and their movement is constantly retrograde, meaning, against the normal direction of the movement of planets. Rahu and Ketu are given special status and considered as planets in Indian astrology. Rahu and Ketu take approximately eighteen years and ten days to complete one round of the zodiac.


indepth horoscope
The Zodiac is a band 18 degrees wide and placed obliquely to the equator. This band can be imagined running around the earth in an east-west direction. Groups of stars can be located along this imaginary belt. This belt is divided into twelve equal parts called Rasi. It is also divided into 27 parts and each part named after a star or group of stars located in the division


When a zodiac is divided into twelve equal parts, each such part has an extension of 30 degrees of arc. Such a division is called a sign or Rasi. There are 12 houses of Rasi’s and these are Mesha or Aries, Vrishabha, also known as Taurus, Mithuna or Gemini, Karkata or Cancer, Simha or Leo, Kanya, also known as Virgo, Tula or Libra, Vrischika, also called Scorpio in the Western system, Dhanu or Sagittarius, Makara or Capricorn, Kumbha, also known as Aquarius and finally, Meena or Pisces.

There are 12 houses of Rasi’s

No. Indian System Western System
1 Mesha Aries
2 Vrishabha Taurus
3 Mithuna Gemini
4 Karkata Cancer
5 Simha Leo
6 Kanya Virgo
7 Tula Libra
8 Vrischika Scorpio
9 Dhanu Sagittarius
10 Makara Capricorn
11 Kumbha Aquarius
12 Meena Pisces

Lords of Houses

Now, in Indian astrology, each of these Rasis have a planet assigned to it, as Lord of the House. Let us take a look at which planet is the lord of your rasi. If you are a Mesha, your lord is Mangal or Kuja or Mars, and if you belong to the Vrishabha rasi, your lord is Venus. Next, if you belong to the Mithuna rasi, then your house is ruled by Budha or Mercury and if you are a Karkata rasi, then your ruling planet is the Moon. If you belong to Simha rasi, the Sun or Surya is your lord and Budha or Mercury rules the Kanya rasi. For Tula rasi, Shukra or Venus is the lord and for Vrischika, Mars is the ruling planet. The Dhanu rasi is ruled by Guru while if you belong to the Makara or Kumbha rasi, then your lord of the house is Sani or Saturn. Finally, if you belong to the Meena rasi, you will be ruled by Guru.

No. Lords of 12 Houses
1 Mesha Mangal or Kuja (Mars)
2 Vrishabha Shukra (Venus)
3 Mithuna Budha (Mercury)
4 Karkata Chandra (Moon)
5 Simha Surya (The Sun)
6 Kanya Budha (Mercury)
7 Tula Shukra(Venus)
8 Vrischika Kuja(Mars)
9 Dhanu Guru(Jupiter)
10 Makara Sani(Saturn)
11 Kumbha Sani(Saturn)
12 Meena Guru (Jupiter)

Exalted houses of Planets

Each planet has a point in the zodiac where it attains maximum strength. The houses where they have the maximum strength are called the houses of exaltation. Let us take a look at the exalted houses of the different planets. For planet Ravi, the exalted house is Mesha, for Chandra, the house is Vrishabha and for Kuja, Makara is the exalted house. The planet Budha is exalted in the house of Kanya, while Simha is exalted in Karkata and Shukra is exalted in Meena. Finally, the planet Sani is exalted in the house of Tula.

Planets and their exalted houses (Uchacha)

1 Ravi Mesha
2 Chandra Vrishabha
3 Kuja Makara
4 Budha Kanya
5 Simha Karkata
6 Shukra Meena
7 Sani Tula

Debilitated houses of planets

Just as there are houses in which the planets are exalted, so also, there are houses wherein planets are debilitated. Each planet has a point in the zodiac, where it has the minimum strength. The houses where the planets have the minimum strength are called the houses of debilitation. For planet Ravi, Tula is the house of debilitation and for Chandra, it is Vrischika. The planet Kuja finds itself debilitated in the house of Karkata, while Budha is weak in the Meena rasi. Simha is debilitated in the Makara rasi and Shukra finds itself weak in Kanya. Lastly, planet Sani is weak in the house of Mesha.

Debilitated houses of Planets
1 Ravi Tula
2 Chandra Vrischika
3 Kuja Karkata
4 Budha Meena
5 Simha Makara
6 Shukra Kanya
7 Sani Mesha

Planetary relationship

Each planet considers another planet as a friend, enemy or equal. Some relationships are not mutual, for example, while one planet considers another as a friend, the second planet, in turn, may not see the first one as a friend. Mercury and Moon are examples. For the planet Sun, planets Moon, Mars, and Jupiter are friends, while Mercury is considered an equal and Venus, Sani, and Rahu fall in the category of enemies. For the Moon, Sun and Mercury are her friends while Mars, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn are known as equals and Rahu is an enemy. Similarly, for the planet Mars, Sun, Moon, and Jupiter are its friends, while Venus, and Saturn are equals and Mercury and Rahu are enemies.

For planet Mercury, the planets Sun, Venus, and Rahu are friends, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn are equals and Moon is the enemy. Moving on to Jupiter, the Sun, Moon, and Mars are his friends and Saturn, and Rahu are equals. Mercury and Venus are the enemies. For Venus, Mercury, Saturn, and Rahu are friends, Jupiter, and Mars are equals and the Sun and the Moon act as enemies. Finally, for Saturn, friends are Mercury, Venus, Rahu, Jupiter is an equal and Sun, Moon, Mars are enemies, for Rahu, friends include Mercury, Venus, Saturn, equal is Jupiter and Sun, Moon, and Mars are the enemies and, for Ketu, Mercury, Venus, Saturn, Rahu are friends, Jupiter is an equal and Sun, Moon, Mars are enemies.

Planets Friends Equals Enemies
Sun Moon, Mars, Jupiter Mercury Venus, Sani, Rahu
Moon Sun, Mercury Mars, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn Rahu
Mars Sun, Moon, Jupiter Venus, Saturn Mercury, Rahu
Mercury Sun, Venus, Rahu Mars, Jupiter, Saturn Moon
Jupiter Sun, Moon, Mars Saturn, Rahu Mercury, Venus
Venus Mercury, Saturn, Rahu Jupiter, Mars Sun, Moon
Saturn Mercury, Venus, Rahu Jupiter Sun, Moon, Mars
Rahu Mercury, Venus, Saturn Jupiter Sun, Moon, Mars
Ketu Mercury, Venus, Saturn, Rahu Jupiter Sun, Moon, Mars

Planets and gemstones

Each planet has a gem associated with it. The nine stones corresponding to the nine planets are called the Navaratna group of stones. These can be classified as indicated here –

Planet Gem Stone
Ravi Ruby
Chandra Pearl
Kuja Coral
Budha Emerald
Guru Pushyaraga (Yellow Sapphire)
Shukra Diamond
Saturn Blue Sapphire
Rahu Gomed
Ketu Cat’s eye

Planets and their colours

Every planet has a colour associated with it. For instance, red is the colour for Ravi and Kuja, white for Chandra and Shukra, green for Budha, yellow for Guru, blue for Saturn and a smokey shade for Rahu and Ketu. Each of these colours are indicative of the colour of the planet.

Planet Gem Stone
Ravi Red
Chandra White
Kuja Red
Budha Green
Guru Yellow
Shukra White
Saturn Blue
Rahu Smoke
Ketu Smoke

Periods of stay of each planet in each sign

The planets are in constant movement, and, therefore, they have a specific period of stay in each house or sign. This is depicted below –

Planet Period of Stay
Sun 30 days
Moon 2 1/4 days
Mars 45 days
Mercury 30 days
Jupiter 1 year
Venus 30 days
Saturn 2 years and 6 months
Rahu 1 year and 6 months
Ketu 1 year and 6 months

Planets and their elements

Indian astrology attributes various characters to planets and elements are one such characteristic. Let us take a look at the different planets and their elements –

Planets and their elements
Mercury stands for Earthly element
Sun Stands for Fiery element
Saturn stands for Airy element
Jupiter stands for Ethereal element
Venus & Moon stands for Watery element

Types of houses

Houses are also divided into three types, known as Chara or movable house, fixed or Sthira house and common or Dwiswabhava. These are as depicted here –

Movable (Chara) Fixed (Sthira) Common (Dwiswabhava)
Mesha Vrishabha Mithuna
Karkata Simha Kanya
Tula Vrischika Dhanu
Makara Kumbha Meena
Planets are also categorised as natural benefics, which include Jupiter, Mercury, Venus and Waxing Moon, and natural malefics, including Saturn, Mars, Rahu, Ketu and Sun.

Characteristics Associated with Planets

Planets are associated with colour, metal, elements, grains, seasons etc. Also, they are believed to belong to certain caste and sex. These characteristics and associations are given in a table below.

Character Sun Moon Mars Mercury
Colour Copper White Red Green
Nature Sathwa Sathwa Thamas Rajas
Sex Male Female Male Eunuch(Female)
Caste Kshtriya Vysya Kshtriya Sudra
Element Fire Water Fire Earth
Diety Agni Varuna Subramanya Vishnu
Garment Thick New HalfBurnt Wet
Metal/material Copper Gems Gold Brass
Parts Bones Blood Marrow Skin
Grains Wheat Paddy Lentil GreenGram
Seasons Summer Winter Summer Autumn
Taste Pungent Salt Acidity Mixed
Residence Place of worship Springs Fire Play-ground
Temperament Bilious Phlegmatic Bilious Mixed

Character Jupiter Venus Saturn
Color Mixed Gold&Silver White/Yellow Blue/Black
Nature Sathwa Rajas Thamas
Sex Male Female Eunuch (Female)
Caste Brahman Brahman Chandala
Element Ether Water Air
Diety Indra Indrani Brahma
Garment Shabby Strong Rag
Metal/material Silver Diamond(Pearl) Iron(Lead)
Parts Flesh&Brain Semen Muscles
Grains BengalGram Beans Sesamin
Seasons Snow Spring All Seasons
Taste Sweet&Cool Sour Bitter & Astringent
Residence Store-house Bed-Chamber Dustbin
Temperament Phlegmatic Windy
&Phlegmatic Windy
Saturn Transit Bottom Banner

in-depth horoscope