Chaturthi Vrat

Chaturthi Vrat is observed to please Lord Ganesha, who is, amongst many other things, the lord of obstacles. Chaturthi is the fourth tithi or day in the phase of the Moon. So, each month has two Chaturthi. The one coming during the Shukla Paksha or the waxing phase is called the Vinayaka Chaturthi, and the one that comes during the Krishna Paksha or waning phase is called the Sankashti Chaturti. This is the case for the year 2022 also except for August, which will see two Shukla Paksha Chaturthi and one Krishna Paksha Chaturthi, making for three Chaturthi dates in that month. The Chaturthi 2022 dates are as follows:

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Shukla Paksha Chaturthi: January 5, 2:35 pm – January 6, 12:29 pm

Krishna Paksha Chaturthi: January 21, 8:52 am – January 22, 9:14 am


Shukla Paksha Chaturthi: February 4, 4:38 am – February 5, 3:47 am

Krishna Paksha Chaturthi: February 19, 9:56 pm – February 20, 9:05 pm


Shukla Paksha Chaturthi: March 5, 8:36 pm – March 6, 9:12 pm

Krishna Paksha Chaturthi: March 21, 8:20 am – March 22, 6:24 am


Shukla Paksha Chaturthi: April 4, 1:55 pm – April 5, 3:45 pm

Krishna Paksha Chaturthi: April 19, 4:39 pm – April 20, 1:53 pm


Shukla Paksha Chaturthi: May 4, 7:33 am – May 5, 10:01 am

Krishna Paksha Chaturthi: May 18, 11:37 pm – May 19, 8:24 pm


Shukla Paksha Chaturthi: June 3, 12:17 am – June 4, 2:42 am

Krishna Paksha Chaturthi: June 17, 6:11 am – June 18, 2:59 am


Shukla Paksha Chaturthi: July 2, 3:17 pm – July 3, 5:07 pm

Krishna Paksha Chaturthi: July 16, 1:27 pm – July 17, 10:49 am


Shukla Paksha Chaturthi: August 1, 4:18 am – August 2, 5:13 am

Krishna Paksha Chaturthi: August 14, 10:36 pm – August 15, 9:02 pm

Shukla Paksha Chaturthi: August 30, 3:33 pm – August 31, 3:23 pm


Krishna Paksha Chaturthi: September 13, 10:37 am – September 14, 10:25 am

Shukla Paksha Chaturthi: September 29, 1:28 am – September 30, 12:09 am


Krishna Paksha Chaturthi: October 13, 1:59 am – October 14, 3:08 am

Shukla Paksha Chaturthi: October 28, 10:34 am – October 29, 8:13 am


Krishna Paksha Chaturthi: November 11, 8:17 pm – November 12, 10:26 pm

Shukla Paksha Chaturthi: November 26, 7:28 pm – November 27, 4:25 pm


Krishna Paksha Chaturthi: December 11, 4:15 pm – December 12, 6:49 pm

Shukla Paksha Chaturthi: December 26, 4:51 am – December 27, 1:38 am

What is Vinayaka Chaturthi Vrat?

The Chaturthi, which falls on the Shukla Paksha, is called Vinayaka Chaturthi. Devotees observe vrat or fasting on this day and worship Lord Ganesha to invoke his blessings and to get obstacles removed from their path to success. On this day, devotees wake up early in the morning and take a bath. The house is cleaned, and the altar is set up. A special seat or pedestal for Lord Ganesh is arranged in which an idol of Lord Ganesh is placed, and puja is performed. Stories of Lord Ganesh are narrated, and Ganesha stotrams are chanted throughout the day. The vrat or fasting commences at dawn and continues till the evening. It is customary to abstain from all kinds of food and drinks during the period of fast. However, partial fast is also permitted where devotees eat certain satvik food. 

What is Sankashti Chaturthi?

Chaturthi, which falls during the Krishna Paksha, is called Sankashti Chaturthi. It is also called Sakat Chauth. This day is considered even more auspicious if it falls on a Tuesday or Friday. Sankashti on a Tuesday is also called Angarak Sankashti. The word sankashti means bringing an end to bad times. Worshipping Lord Ganesha on this day bestows the devotee with peace and prosperity in life. Apart from Lord Ganesha, the Moon is also worshipped on this day. 

Why do we fast Sakat Chauth?

Women observe nirjala fast on this day to ensure long lives for their children. It is believed that observing the Sakat Chauth fast removes troubles for the children. It helps in countering the malefic effects of Mercury. Sakat Chauth Vrat leads to success, prosperity and gain of wealth in life. It removes the obstacles and hurdles from one’s life. The story behind Sakat Chauth is as follows:

Once there was a potter in a village whose furnace failed to generate the heat required to harden the clay pots. When he approached the king with the problem, the king consulted the palace priest, who asked the potter to offer a bali (sacrifice) each time the furnace was to be lit up. So, it was declared that each family should offer one child to do the same. After a few days, it was the turn of an old woman to offer her only child. It was the day of Sakat Chauth. The old woman gave her son a betel nut and ‘dub ka beeda’ and asked him to pray to the lord while he was put in the furnace. The woman started worshipping Goddess Sakat at the same time. The kiln was left for the night to get ready. The next morning, when the potter arrived, he was astonished to see the child alive in the kiln, along with the children who were offered before him. Since then, women have worshipped Goddess Sakat for the well being of their children. 

How can I fast in Chaturthi?

Devotees fast in various ways during Chaturthi. Some do not even consume water. Others limit their intake to fruit, water and milk. The fast ends after the moonrise. Rise early in the morning on the day of the fast. Take a bath and wear clean clothes. You may meditate for a few minutes to gain the required mental equilibrium. Light an oil lamp in front of the idol of Lord Ganesha and pray to him with folded hands. Offer water, a fresh piece of cloth or kalava, janeyu, akshat, kumkum, chandan, haldi, flowers, Durva grass and incense sticks one by one. Offer the Naivedhya (bhog) consisting of Modaks, which is the favourite food of Lord Ganesha. Conclude the puja by singing the Aarti. Consume only satvik food during the period of fasting. Abstain from alcohol and non-vegetarian food. Break the fast after sighting the Moon and offering Arghya to Chandra Dev.

What is Ganesh’s favourite food?

Modak is traditionally considered to be the favourite food of Lord Ganesha. It is a sweet dumpling with grated sugar mixed with jaggery used for filling. The outer softshell is made from rice flour or wheat flour mixed with maida flour. Modak is traditionally offered as Naivedhya while worshipping Lord Ganesha during Chaturthi. Other than Modak, Motichoor Ladoos, Puffed Rice Ladoo, Kheer and bananas are considered preferred dishes of Lord Ganesha. 

What should we not eat during Ganesh Chaturthi fast?

Fasting requires you to abstain from all food or at least certain forms of food. During Chaturthi, it is important that you eat only satvik good. Avoid oily and deep-fried food during Ganesh Chaturthi. Also, keep away from aerated beverages and sugary drinks. Do not consume tea and coffee in large quantities. Keep in mind that eating onion, garlic, beet, carrot and jackfruit is prohibited during fasting. If you have kidney-related diseases, then do not eat rock salt as it contains potassium which can cause harm. Do not consume Tulsi or use Tulsi in anything related to Ganesh Chaturthi. 

Read about Akshaya Trititya

Why should we not see the Moon on Ganesh Chaturthi?

Any day is good to stare at the Moon and marvel at its beauty, except Ganesh Chaturthi day. It is believed that looking at the Moon on Ganesh Chaturthi day will lead to the person being falsely accused of theft. This is called Mithya Dosha. The story behind this dosha is thus:

One day when Lord Ganesha was returning home in his vahana, the mice, the Moon-god or Chandra, chanced to see him. Chandra was very attractive and was proud of his appearance. To him, Lord Ganesha, with his protruded belly and an elephant head, looked funny and laughed at him. This made Lord Ganesha angry, and he cursed Chandra stating that no one would look at Chandra anymore, and those who do will be falsely accused of theft and suffer huge insults in life. Chandra was horrified at this. He fell at the feet of Lord Ganesha and asked for forgiveness. Lord Ganesha agreed to lift the curse on one condition – people can stare at the Moon on any day except the Bhadrapada Chathurthi day, during which the curse will remain. The Bhadrapada Chaturthi has since then come to be known as Ganesh Chaturthi day. It has been observed that on this day, the Sun, the Moon and the Earth are at such angles that the moonlight which falls on Earth is negatively charged. If you do happen to stare at the Moon on Ganesh Chaturthi day, chant the following mantra:

Simhah Prasenamavadhitsimho Jambavata Hatah|

Sukumaraka Marodisatva Hyesha Syamantakah||

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