According to the Hindu calendar, Sankashti Chaturthi vrat is celebrated on the fourth day of the waning moon or what is also called Krishna Paksha. This day is celebrated every lunar month and is known to be an auspicious day for Lord Ganesha. If it so happens that this day falls on a Tuesday, it is regarded to be the most important of the Sankashti Chaturthi days and is called Angaraki Sankashti Chaturthi. 

Sankat Chaturthi vrat is widely celebrated in the North and South of the country. Sankashti itself is a word derived from Sanskrit meaning deliverance during a difficult time. Chaturthi means the fourth day of Lord Ganesha and it is therefore believed to be an apt day to pray that the lord helps devotees overcome all obstacles and hand them victory in every situation.

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Significance of Sankashti Chaturthi

It is said that Lord Ganesha not only blesses his devotees with wisdom but also partakes in all their problems. Being an embodiment of wisdom and virtue, Lord Ganesha is also known to bestow health, happiness, and wealth. On the Sankashti Chaturthi day, it is believed that Lord Ganesha grants wishes, and hence devotees observe a fast and vehemently offer rituals. It is also considered to be the best time for women to fast and pray for the betterment of the family.

Sankashti Chaturthi lays heavy impetus on the sighting of the moon and is observed every Lunar month. During this day every month, Lord Ganesha is worshipped with different peetas (Lotus petals) and names. There are a total of 13 vrats or fasts with a specific story and a specific purpose. 12 vrats are for the 12 months in a year and the last one is for adika, which is the extra month that occurs every four years in a Hindu calendar.

Every vrat and every story is unique to the specific month and recited only during that period. This day is considered to be highly auspicious since it is the day Lord Shiva declared that his son Lord Ganesha was to be the most superior among all gods, apart from Parvati, Lakshmi, and Vishnu. It was from this point that Lord Ganesha or Sankashti began being worshipped as the Lord of prosperity, good fortune, and freedom. Sankashti Chaturthi’s significance and Sankat Chaturthi ki Kahani has been mentioned in many ancient manuscripts, notably the Bhavishaya Purana and Narasimha Purana, while it was also explained by Lord Krishna to Yudhishtira in the Mahabharata.

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Rituals during Sankashti Chaturthi 2021

Sankat Chaturthi vrat vidhi is to be done in the evening as an important ritual in this process is the sighting of the moon. An idol of Lord Ganesha must be decorated with Durva grass and flowers during which Vedic Mantras are recited. After this is when devotees will read the vrat katha specific to that particular month. Once that is done, the fast is broken after looking at the moon and worshipping Lord Ganesha.

Edibles during this day will include all of Lord Ganesha’s preferred eatables including modaks and other sweets. Since Sankashti Chaturthi is also a day dedicated to the Moon, it involves sprinkling water, sandalwood paste, and consecrated rice in the direction of the moon. It is also auspicious to recite the mantra: 

Vakra-Tunndda Maha-Kaaya Suurya-Kotti Samaprabha I
Nirvighnam Kuru Me Deva Sarva-Kaaryessu Sarvadaa II 

In addition, devotees also chant the Ganesha Ashtotram and Sankashtnashana stothra.

Sankashti Chaturthi 2021 Fasting Procedure

Sankashti Chaturthi fasting procedure is observed for the well-being of the entire family. The fast is usually observed from the morning and broken in the evening once prayers to Lord Ganesh are finished and various offerings are made to the Moon God. It is advised that individuals keep the fast refrain from their daily meals but there is also a list of items that can be consumed during this time. Sabudana khichdi, fruits, peanuts, potatoes, and unsalted chips are all permitted. 

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Sankashti Chaturthi dates in 2021

Here are the sankashti chaturthi 2021 dates. 

January 2nd
Chaturthi Tithi Timing : Jan 02, 9:10 AM – Jan 03, 8:22 AM
January 31st
Chaturthi Tithi Timing : Jan 31, 8:25 PM – Feb 01, 6:25 PM
March 2nd
Chaturthi Tithi Timing : Mar 02, 5:46 AM – Mar 03, 2:59 AM
March 31st
Chaturthi Tithi Timing : Mar 31, 2:06 PM – Apr 01, 11:00 AM
April 30th
Chaturthi Tithi Timing : Apr 29, 10:10 PM – Apr 30, 7:10 PM
May 29th
Chaturthi Tithi Timing : May 29, 6:33 AM – May 30, 4:03 AM
June 27th
Chaturthi Tithi Timing : Jun 27, 3:54 PM – Jun 28, 2:16 PM
July 27th
Chaturthi Tithi Timing: Jul 27, 2:54 AM – Jul 28, 2:28 AM
August 25th
Chaturthi Tithi Timing : Aug 25, 4:18 PM – Aug 26, 5:14 PM
September 24th
Chaturthi Tithi Timing : Sep 24, 8:30 AM – Sep 25, 10:36 AM
October 24th
Chaturthi Tithi Timing : Oct 24, 3:01 AM – Oct 25, 5:43 AM
November 23rd
Chaturthi Tithi Timing : Nov 22, 10:27 PM – Nov 24, 12:55 AM
December 22nd
Chaturthi Tithi Timing : Dec 22, 4:52 PM – Dec 23, 6:27 PM

Difference between Sankashti Chaturthi and Vinayaka Chaturthi

A lunar month is two fortnights long. These fortnights are divided into a dark half and a bright half. The dark half is called the Krishna Paksha, whereas the brighter half is called Shukla Paksha. The Chaturthi that falls in the Krishna Paksha is called Sankashti Chaturthi and the Chaturthi that falls in the bright half or Shukla Paksha is called Vinayaka Chaturthi.

Even the fasting during these two Chaturthi is done for different purposes. The Sankashti Chaturthi fast is observed for deliverance from tough times, whereas the Vinayaka Chaturthi fast is merely a salutation to Lord Ganesha.

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