Mokshada Ekadashi 2020
Mokshada Ekadashi is an auspicious day celebrated by Hindus that is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. It falls on the Ekadashi tithi (11th lunar day) of Shukla Paksha (waxing phase) during the lunar month of Margashiraas. This is during November or December in the Gregorian calendar. Devotees observe this day by fasting and conducting special pujas. Mokshada Ekadashi day is also celebrated as Gitajayanti, Mauna Ekadashi and Baikunta Ekadashi.
When is Mokshada Ekadashi 2020?
Mokshada Ekadashi 2020 is on 25 of December, Friday. You can find below the information regarding Mokshada Ekadashi Muhurat, Mokshada Ekadashi Fasting Procedure, Mokshada Ekadashi Pooja Vidhi, etc.
Mokshada Ekadashi 2020 Muhurat
Sunrise: December 25, 07:09 AM
Sunset : December 25, 05:44 PM
Ekadashi Tithi Begining: December 24, 2020, 11:17 PM
Ekadashi Tithi Ending: December 26, 2020, 01:54 AM
Mokshada Ekadashi Parana Time: December 26, 08:30 AM to 09:16 AM
Hari Vasara End Moment: December 26, 08:30 AM
Dwadashi End Moment: December 27, 04:18 AM
Parana means breaking the fast. Usually, Ekadashi Parana is done after sunrise on the next day of Ekadashi fast. It is necessary to do Parana within Dwadashi Tithi (12th lunar day) unless Dwadashi is over before sunrise.
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What is the Ideal Procedure for Mokshada Ekadashi fasting?
There are 24 Ekadashis in a year, including Mokshada Ekadashi. Ardent devotees observe fasting on all Ekadashis and Mokshada Ekadashi fasting is considered most auspicious. Full fasting on Ekadasi is recommended for everyone. However, those who cannot bear such an austerity can follow Ekadasi Vrut by eating once; either at midday or in the evening. Then, you should know which food items are permitted and which are deemed forbidden.
Foods/Spices permitted on Ekadasi:
Fresh & dry fruits, vegetables, nuts & nut oils, milk, coconut, cassava, potato, sweet potato, buckwheat, olive, sugar, rock salt, pepper, ginger, etc.
Foods/Spices that should be avoided:
Non-veg food (meat, fish egg, etc.), mushroom, beverages (tea, coffee, cola, and other energy drinks), all types of grains, onion, peas, beans, tulsi, tamarind, custard, sesame seeds, mustard, salt, baking soda, baking powder, asafoetida, cloves, fenugreek, cardamom, nutmeg, fennel, intoxicants (tobacco and liquor), etc.
Mokshada Ekadashi Fasting Procedure:
– To follow Ekadashi Vrat, devotees should wake up before sunrise as the vrat starts at dawn. Devotees should then worship Lord Vishnu.
-To observe a complete fast, it will be ideal if the devotee can start observing vrat from the previous day’s sunset. This will ensure that undigested food is not left in the stomach.
-To intensify the spiritual drive, the devotee is advised to visit a Vishnu temple and reciting Sri Vishnu Sahasranama
-To end the Mokshada Ekadasi Vrat, one can bath on the next day (Dwadasi) morning, worship Lord Vishnu and break the fast during the Parana time, which will be different for every Dwadasi.
-Parana (breaking the fast) should not be done during Hari Vasara – the first quarter of Dwadashi. You should wait for Hari Vasara to get over to break the fast. Try to break your fast during Pratahkal, which is the most preferred time.
-If due for some reason, you are unable to break the fast during Pratahkal, then you should do it after Madhyahna.
Ekadashi Vrat – Dates, Rituals, and Significance
Mokshada Ekadashi Pooja
The Mokshada Ekadashi Pooja Vidhi is as follows:
– Mokshada Ekadashi Vrut and Pooja are important. If you wish to observe fast, then you should try to avoid food on the previous night. This is to ensure that no undigested food is left on the stomach.
-On the Ekadashi day, you should get up early morning, take a holy bath before sunrise, and vow to observe fast until the next day Dwadashi.
-Maha Vishnu or Sri Krishna should be worshipped by performing Pooja. You can do this by lighting lamps and incense sticks, and offering flowers, tulsi leaves, turmeric, sandalwood paste, kumkum, coconut with its husk, bananas, betel leaf, etc.
-Meditating and chanting the mantra ‘Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevaya’ will be auspicious.
-Reading Mukundashtakam, Vishnu Sahasranamam, or Bhagavad Gita and singing devotional songs (Jagrans) are also recommended.
-Some devotees also worship Maharishi Ved Vyasa and Shrimad Bhagwat Gita on this day.
-Offering of ‘Naivedhya’ can also be performed.
-You can conclude the Pooja by reading the Bhagwad Gita sermons and singing the aarti.
-In the evening, you can visit Lord Vishnu or Lord Krishna temples.
-Next day on Dwadashi, donation of alms to the needy can be performed before breaking the fast.
This day is more important to the Vaishnava clan of Hindus who consider Lord Vishnu as the supreme power. Lord Vishnu is believed to be the one who sustains life on Earth and worshipping him would provide eternal peace and happiness.
The term ‘Mokshada’ means to destroy the temptation. Devotees who observe this day believe that it helps them to attain moksha (salvation) and to liberate them from the cycle of birth and death. It is also believed that observing Mokshada Ekadashi would relieve the devotees’ deceased ancestors from their bane.
Gitajayanti / Mauna Ekadashi / Baikunta Eakadashi
Mokshada Ekadashi is also known as Gitajayanti for it is believed that Lord Krishna gave the holy sermon of Bhagavad Gita to Arjuna on this day. The 700-verse Bhagavad Gita told at the beginning of the Kurukshetra war between the Pandavas, and the Kauravas deals with a variety of Hindu philosophical ideas. On Gitajayanti/Mokshada Ekadashi, some devotees observe a 24-hour fast in honor of the god Krishna, the 9th avatar of Vishnu.
Mokshada Ekadashi is also recognized as ‘Mauna Ekadashi’ where the devotees observe ‘Mauna’ (silence) all day long. In the states of Orissa and South India, the eve is recognized as ‘Baikunta Ekadashi’.
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Importance of Mokshada Ekadashi
In a Hindu calendar year, 24 Ekadashis are falling on Krishna & Shukla pakshas. All these Ekadashis are important in Hindu traditions and are popular with various names. Out of these, the Mokshada Ekadashi falling on the Shukla Paksha of lunar month Margashiraas is considered most auspicious for the following reasons.
-Mokshada Ekadashi Vrat is believed to provide the combined merits of all other Ekadashi fasts.
-Devotees observing Mokshada Ekadashi Vrut believe that it helps them to get rid of their past sins and attain moksha.
-According to Hindu mythology, Mokshada Ekadashi helps the observers to get liberated from their Pitru Dosha. It can grant moksha or liberation to the observers’ ‘Pitrs’ (dead ancestors).
-Mokshada Ekadashi is also considered as important for the reason that it is believed to be the day in which Lord Krishna gave the holy sermon of Bhagavad Gita to Arjuna.
All Ekadashi Vrats gives the opportunity to progress in the path of spiritual evolution. Observing Vrut is not just avoiding food, but denying all the temptations of body and mind. It will purify an individual internally and externally.
What are the benefits of fasting on Mokshada Ekadashi?
Apart from the above mentioned religious/spiritual significances, observing Mokshada Ekadashi gives the following benefits.
-Ayurveda cites over intake of food as the cause for lethargy and illnesses. By observing Vrat (fasting), we can cleanse the stomach and rejuvenate the digestive system.
-Fasting on Ekadashi days can benefit our digestive system as the atmospheric pressure will be low on these days. It can help in cleansing the digestive system, which is usually tired due to improper eating habits.
-The health benefits of bi-monthly Ekadasi Vruts include reducing cholesterol, eliminating toxins, rejuvenating the functioning of the liver & kidneys, and purifying the blood.
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The Legend of Vaikhanasa
A legend associated with Mokshada Ekadashi is that of King Vaikhanasa whose story, as per the Brahmanda Purana, was narrated by Lord Krishna to the Pandava king Yudhishtira. Vaikhanasa was a saintly king who ruled the city of Champakanagar with total compassion. The king once had a dream where he saw his late father being punished in Naraka (hell) which was ruled by Yama. He was anguished by this and sought his council’s advice. The council advised him to approach the omniscient saint, Parvata Muni who, through meditation, found out the reason. The Muni told the king that his father had quarreled with his wife. He had then forced his wife to have intercourse with him though she was going through her menstrual cycle. The sage suggested that the king observe vrat on Mokshada Ekadashi day, which would please the gods and release the king’s father. Thus, the king, along with his wife and children observed a complete fast on Mokshada Ekadashi with full faith and devotion. The vrat pleased the gods and carried the king’s father to heaven.