India with its diverse culture and religions is a melting pot of customs and traditions. Vrat or fasts are observed in almost all religions, be it Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Christianity, or Islam. Fasting is a spiritual act mainly performed to purify the body and mind and acquire divine blessings. Rohini Vrat is one of the main fasts undertaken every month by women from the Jain community. Women observe Rohini vrat for a long, fulfilling married life as well as for the longevity of their husband’s life. Women end the fast with the rising of the Margashirsha Nakshatra. The religious texts describe 27 constellations, among which one is the constellation of Rohini. The Rohini nakshatra rises on the 27th day of every month. So Rohini Vrat is observed once every 27 days by the women of the Jain community when Rohini Nakshatra (star) rises in the sky after sunrise.
Rohini Vrat in December 2020
The upcoming Rohini vrat is on Monday, December 28, 2020
Rohini Nakshatra Begins on December 27, 2020, at 1:19 PM
Rohini Nakshatra Ends on December 28, 2020at 3:40 PM
Why is Rohini Vrat observed?
Jainism advocates strict forms of spiritual practices. While saints follow the strict codes, the common man is granted some leniency in the spiritual practices followed by the Jain community. Rohini vrat helps the women in Jain households observe the spiritual discipline in a trouble-free way since it is usually difficult for them to observe strict fasts.
When women observe Rohini vrat, their husbands, and immediate family members too receive blessings. The fast helps to imbibe patience, self-control, and harmony within oneself. It helps one endure all difficulties in life and also control desires. This helps them to cultivate good values and understanding within the families.
Usually, only the women of the family observe Rohini Vrat, but in some households, the entire family observes the vrat. On Rohini vrat day, the women revere Bhagavan Vasupujya and seek blessing for the family. The women pray for prosperity and enrichment of their quality of life.
What are the benefits of Rohini Vrat?
Rohini vrat is undertaken by women to secure the good health and long life of their husbands. Undertaking this fast also dispels poverty and brings in prosperity. Misunderstanding between couples is cleared and promotes a harmonious and happy relationship within the family. Women can feel peaceful and help to maintain peace and tranquillity at home.
Rohini Vrat Vidhi and Fasting Rules
The vrat can last for three, five, or seven years, continuously. Vrat for five years and five months is the most advocated duration and it is completed with the Udyapana. On the day of Rohini vrat, the women undertaking the fast wake up early in the morning and take a holy bath. They set the altar in the puja room with the idol of Bhagavan Vasupujya who is one of the twenty-four Tirthankaras. Elaborate rituals are then conducted by giving the idol a bath with holy water, followed by decorating with fragrant materials. Puja is performed and finally, the Prasad is offered. At the conclusion of the puja, the fasting process commences which lasts until the Margashirsha Nakshatra rises in the sky. Women who observe Rohini vrat can decide on the duration to observe the vrat; at the end of this period, the vrat should be concluded with an appropriate udyapana, or concluding ritual, which may include feeding the poor and the needy, visiting the temple of Vasupujya and engaging in charity.
The Rohini Vrat Katha
Just as every fast has an associated story, Rohini vrat also has a vrat katha which should be recited while undertaking the fast. The story is as follows:
King Madhava of Champapura lived with his queen Lakshmipati, seven sons and a daughter named Rohini. Once, the king consulted a gyani (learned man) to know about the ideal husband for his daughter. The gyani said that Rohini will be married to Ashoka, the prince of Hastinapur. Upon the gyani’s advice, King Madhava organized a Swayamvara in which Princess Rohini chose Prince Ashoka as her husband and they were married. One Prince Ashoka along with family went to meet Sage Sricharan in the forest of Hastinapur. Ashoka confided in the sage that his wife remained very calm and asked the reason for her calmness. The sage narrated that in ancient times, there lived a king named Vastupala in Hastinapur city who had a friend named Dhanamitra. Dhanamitra had a daughter who had a foul body odour and was therefore called Durgandha. Dhanamitra was always worried about his daughter.
Once, Sage Amritsen visited Hastinapur and Dhanamitra went to meet the sage along with his daughter to enquire about her future. The sage stated that King Bhupal who ruled in a city near Mount Girnar had a wife, Sindhumati, who was very proud of her beauty. Once, when the king and the queen went out to visit the forest, they saw the sage and the king asked his wife to arrange for the sage’s feast. While Sindhumati agreed to obey her husband’s order, she was enraged within and in her anger, she served the sage a bitter gourd and after consuming the food, the sage died. When the king learned about his wife’s deeds, he was enraged and expelled her from the palace. Due to her evil deeds, she was afflicted with leprosy and had to face a lot of anguish before finally dying. After her death, Sindhumati reached hell where she suffered a lot and was then finally born inside an animal before being born as Dhanamitra’s daughter.
Hearing this, Dhanamitra asked for a solution to overcome this curse. The sage stated that Durgandha should observe the Rohini fast on Rohini nakshatra of every month and abstain from consuming food. She should spend time in performing religious worship and charity and should perform this fast for five years and five months. Dhanamitra and his daughter Durgandha duly fasted on the day when the Rohini nakshatra arose in the sky and as a result of her fast; she attained moksha and reached heaven. She later became a goddess and then became Princess Rohini who became Prince Ashoka’s wife.
Rohini Vrat dates in 2021
January 24, 2021, Sunday
February 20, 2021, Saturday
March 20, 2021, Saturday
April 16, 2021, Friday
May 13, 2021, Thursday
June 10, 2021, Thursday
July 7, 2021, Wednesday
August 3, 2021, Tuesday
August 31, 2021, Tuesday
September 27, 2021, Monday
October 24, 2021, Sunday
November 20, 2021, Saturday
December 18, 2021, Saturday