Planets and Zodiac

Astrological terminology

Trines : The 5th, 9th and the 1st houses from the Lagna. Upachaya : The 3rd, 6th, 10th and 11th houses from a sign.

Vakra (Retrograde) : Planets that do not move in the regular order of signs. Rahu and Ketu always move in the reverse direction and
therefore always in Vakra. Planets Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturun appear to reverse their motion, observed from the earth, during certain periods. They get back to the regular motion after a while. These planets when they apparantly move in the reverse direction are considered to be in Vakra or Retrograde.

Vedha : A Vedha planet is one that prevents or cuts off the benefic or malefic effects manifested by another planet.

Vernal and Autumnal Equinox : The Vernal Equinox and Autmnal Equinox, occuring about March 21 and September 21, are the only two days in a year, when day and night are of equal length. The Autmnal signs are Libra, Scropio and Sagittarius and the Vernal signs are Aries, Taurus and Gemini. At each equinox day and night are of equal length. To set out for any venture at the time of equinox is believed to be inauspicious with disastrous results.

Vargothama : Planet in the same house, both in Rasi and Navamsa. A Lagna if it is of same sign both in Rasi and Navamsa is called Vargothama Lagna.

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Recal : The horoscope at birth from which the past, present and future are determined. It is otherwise called Lagna.

Quadrants : The 4th, 7th and 10th and 1st houses from any sign or Lagna.

Paksha : The fortnight during which, as the Moon revolves in it’s orbit, the bright part increases till the full Moon when the whole of the illuminated disk is towards us, is callled Sukla Paksha. The next fortnight during which its bright side slowly diminishes and it comes into conjunction with the Sun, forms Krishna Paksha.

Sukla means white and Sukla Paksha is the period when the Moon is waxing.

Krishna means dark and the Krishna Paksha is the period when the Moon is waning.

Thithi : A thithi is a day of the Moon. Thithis ar 15 in number reckoned from New Moon day to next Full Moon or from the Full Moon to the New Moon. The 1st day i.e., the day following the New Moon or the Full Moon is callled Prathama, 2nd Dhwitiya, 3rd Thritiya, 4th Chaturthi, 5th Panchami, 6th Shashti, 7th Saptami, 8th Ashtami, 9th Navami, 10th Dasami, 11 th Ekadasi, 12th Dwadasi, 13th Trayodasi, 14th Chaturdasi.

Tarabala : If we have to assess whether a day’s star is good or bad to us, we have to count from our star to the days star and divide it by 9. The balance of number indicate the result. They are called as follows :

No. Result
1 Janma
2 Sampath
3 Vipath
4 Kshema
5 Prathyak
6 Sadhak
7 Vadha
8 Mithra
9 Param Mitra
Good Stars are 2,4,6 and 9

Dieties symbolising the planets and herbs

The following table shows the degree of main exaltation of the different planets.

Planets Diety Herbs
Sun Siva Arka Plant
Moon Gowri Palasa Plant
Mars Kartika Khadhra
Mercury Vishnu Apamarga
Jupiter Dakshina Murthy Fig tree (piple tree)
Venus Lakshmi Audumbara
Saturn Sastra Vanhi (Shami or Banyan tree)
Rahu Ganesha Darbha (Kusha)

Horoscopic Directions

  1. 1st House stands for East
  2. 7th House stands for West
  3. 4th House stands for South
  4. 10th House stands for North

Malefics, Benefics, Death inflictors and Raja Yoga giver for 12 Rasis and Lagna

Lagna Malefics Benefics Death Planets Rajayoga Karakas
Mesha Sat, Mar, Ven Sun, Jup Mer, Ven Sat
Vrishaba Jup, Ven, Moon Sat, Sun Jup, Ven Moon Sat
Mithuna Mar, Jup Ven Mar, Sun, Moon Ven
Karkataka Ven, Sat, Mer Jup, Mar Ven, Sat, Mer Mar
Leo Sun, Mer, Ven Jup, Mer, Ven Sat, Ven Mar
Kanya Jup, Moon Ven, Mer, Mar Jup, Moon, Sun Ven, Mer
Thula Sun, Jup, Mar Sat, Moo, Mer Jup, Sun Sat
Vrischika Mer, Ven, Sat Jup, Sun, Moon Mer, Ven, Sat Sun, Moon
Dhanus Sat, Ven Mar, Ven Ven, Moon, Mer Sun, Mer
Makara Mar, Jup, Moon Vem, Mer Mar, Jup Ven
Kumbha Mar, Jup, Moon Ven Mar, Jup, Moon Mar, Ven
Meena Ven, Sat, Sun, Mer Moon, Mar Sat, Ven, Sun, Mer Sat, Jup

Saptha Rishis : Marachi, Athri, Angiras, Agasthya, Balaha, Krathu and Vasishta are considered to be the seven Gurus (masters) of Vedic India.

Strength of planets during day and night

Moon, Saturn, Mars are strong during night times.
Sun, Jupiter, Venus are strong during day times.
Mercury is strong during day as well as night times.

Important Sanskrit works to be consulted for mastery over the subject

Important Sanskrit Authors . Vasista, Narada, Sakthi, Parashara, Vyasa, Vishnugupta, Vavana, Devala, Maya, Jaimini, Manitha, Satyaacharya, Jivasharma, Maudaya.

No. Work No. Work
1 Kalamrita 16 Daivagna Vilana
2 Sarvatha Chintamani 17 Horapradpika
3 Manasagari 18 Suryasiddanta
4 Mahurtha Darpana 19 Navanitarnava
5 Gopalarathnakara 20 Parashara Hora
6 Saravali 21 Daivagna Bhushana
7 Nakshathra 22 Jathaka Thathwa
8 Jinendra Mala 23 Jathaka Parijatha
9 Ududasha Pradipika 24 Jathaka Adashamarga
10 Jathakalankara 25 Brihat Jathaka
11 Yogavali 26 Horashara
12 Jathakakalanithi 27 Krishna Misriya
13 Karale 28 Phaladeepika
14 Jathakachandrika 29 Uttarakalamrita
15 Daivagni Bharana