Lord Prajapati or Brahma is known to be the embodiment of Samvatsara that is widely used to explore a different segment of time like day, ritus (seasons), Ayana, and Month masa.
The term “Samvatsara” is a Sanskrit word for ‘year’ in the Vedic literature. It roughly means a period of one full year sidereal when the Sun enters the sign of Aries. Some astrologers define it as the time in which Brihaspati (planet Jupiter) with its average speed crosses the journey of one zodiac sign and moves on to the next. According to this definition, when Jupiter completes the entire circle of traversing all 12 zodiac signs, it comprises 12 Samvatsaras. During the entire journey, Jupiter is either close-by or far from planet Earth based on which it creates positive or negative influences for an individual.
The Hindu calendar has a cycle of 60 years and is named from Prabhava to Kshaya. Generally, the new Hindu year begins at the end of April every year. In the current cycle, the year Prabhava coincides with the Christian year 1987.
These 60 Samvatsaras repeats in a cycle of 12 years. The significator of the year is Shani, Saturn, which takes approximately 30 years to complete the entire twelve signs of the zodiac. The yugas of periods began when both Jupiter and Saturn were at 0-degree of Aries. So, if we take the lowest common multiple between the motion of Jupiter and Saturn (approximately 12 years and 30 years), we get the count of 60.
Therefore, every 60 years, both Jupiter and Saturn reach the 0-degree of Aries, and this interplay between both the planets, the angles formed, the influences that arise due to the combination, significantly affect the Samvatsaras and the individuals.
The sixty Samvatsaras (Prabhava to Kshaya) are divided into three groups of 20 Samvatsaras each wherein the first group of 20 Samvatsaras (Prabhava to Vyaya) is assigned to Lord Brahma, the next group of 20 Samvatsaras (Sarvajit to Parabhava) to Lord Vishnu, and the last 20 (Plavanga to Kshaya) to Lord Shiva.
Samvatsara from 1900 AD to 2020 AD
A chart showing the Hindu years (Samvatsara) from the Christian era 1900 to 2020 is given below:
The Samvatsara for this year is known as Sharvari (also called Zarvari or Sarvari). Each Samvatsara carries a particular essence that is correlated with its Sanskrit name along with its group ruler. The Samvatsara for this 2020-2021 year is the fourth in a group of five years ruled by the Manes.
The Manes are of two types: and are the children of Lord Brahma, also known as the Prajatis, who’re great rishis, progenitors, and protectors of the planet Earth, the animal kingdom, and the entire human race. Often called “Ancestors”, they inhabit their region between the realms of the human race (mankind) and the Gods, a place known as “Pitraloka”.
The word Sharvari means “night or twilight” or “pernicious or murderous” depending on the context with which we look at it. However, if we go by the ancestral predictions, this year is known to bring famine and trouble and that we are already seeing in the form of COVID-19 virus outbreak across the globe or in the form of locust plague spread out in parts of Africa. So, it won’t be wrong to say that the current five-year cycle ruled by the Manes (2017 – 2022) is challenging and a period of calamity for the human race.
Even in the last Sharvari cycle (during 1960) the human race experienced a similar case without the outbreak of the Great Chinese famine from 1959 – 1961.
Influence of year of birth
|No.||Names of Divisions||Explanation|
|1||Prabhava||A person born in this year will have a collection of precious things, have good children, and will live long and happy.|
|2||Vibhava||This person will be born rich and will be a person of artistic talents. They will become learned.|
|3||Shukla||The person born this year will be very handsome, will enjoy good family life, and will be of great character.|
|4||Pramodhati||Those born in this year will be helpful, famous, and well-honored in life.|
|5||Prajothpati||Those born in this year will be honest, will help the society and will be respected by others.|
|6||Angirasa||The person born in this year will be proud, enjoy good luck, and will have male children.|
|7||Srimukha||The person of this year will be very intelligent. They will learn many sciences and will be very successful in life.|
|8||Bhava||People born in this year will enjoy a good life, earn fame, and will help others generously.|
|9||Yuva||The person of this year will have a brilliant countenance and will be successful and enjoy a long life.|
|10||Dhathu||Those born in this year will be successful in business enterprises, will be proficient in winning over enemies, and will not be a spendthrift.|
|11||Eswara||Those born in this year will be short-tempered, proficient in many vocations and will have a good personality.|
|12||Bahudanya||Those born in this year will be successful in military science and will be associated with vehicles.|
|13||Pramadi||Those born in this year will be successful in business and agriculture.|
|14||Vikrama||Those born in this year will achieve great success in life and will be courageous.|
|15||Vriksha||People born in this year will be slow in doing things, maybe lazy and will mostly serve others as servants.|
|16||Chitrabhanu||People born in this year will have high principles, enjoy great intelligence, and will be learned.|
|17||Swabhanu||Those born in this year will be liked by those in power and will be powerful, fearless and at times may commit bad deeds.|
|18||Tharana||Those born in this year will have a fickle mind. Bad deeds done by them may bring a bad name.|
|19||Parthiva||Those who are born this year will be lucky, will enjoy a good position in life, and will have for company powerful and influential people.|
|20||Vyaya||Those born in this year will be poor and may migrate from their home country to settle abroad.|
|21||Sarvajitu||Those born in this year are hard workers with many interests and possible success in sciences.|
|22||Sarvadhari||Those born in this year will have many servants, lead a life of luxury, and will enjoy life to the full.|
|23||Virodhi||Those born in this year will travel much and will face great opposition in life.|
|24||Vikriti||The person born in this year may be lean and dark in complexion with a defective limb and a heartless attitude at times.|
|25||Khara||The person born in this year will have lung trouble and will be passionate.|
|26||Nandana||Those born in this year will be happy and content.|
|27||Vijaya||The person born in this year will be learned and will have a highly logical mind and will be respected by others.|
|28||Jaya||The person born in this year will enjoy success and will be of great valor.|
|29||Manmatha||Those born in this year will be rich, enjoy female company, and will acquire precious articles.|
|30||Durmukhi||Those born in this year will be harmful, will keep company with women in the lower rungs of the society and have vulgar speech.|
|31||Hevimbi||The person born in this year will be rich, enjoy possessions, lead a comfortable life, and will have good character.|
|32||Vilambi||Those born in this year may tend to be greedy, lazy, and stingy.|
|33||Vikari||The person born in this year will be fickle-minded, unwise, suffer from false pride, and may do anything for self-gratification.|
|34||Sarvari||Those born in this year are passionate, sexually active, and incapable of doing anything on their own.|
|35||Plava||Those born in this year will be indecisive in their day-to-day life and may keep wandering from place to place.|
|36||Subhakritu||The person of this year is always a principled one bent on doing good to others. He will also learn many sciences and live long.|
|37||Sobhakritu||A person of this year will have a good personality, success, and character.|
|38||Krodhi||A person of this year will always hurry about things and spoil his undertakings. He may also be of loose morals.|
|39||Viswavasu||Those born in this year will lead a life of luxury, choosing the best things in life. They are even-tempered and of good character.|
|40||Parabhava||A person of this year will have extra-marital affairs, may lose money and suffer poverty.|
|41||Plavanga||Those born in this year will be hard-working and helpful to others but may suffer from diseases.|
|42||Keelaka||Those born in this year will have a little luster to their personality but will talk well and maybe be bad-tempered.|
|43||Soumya||Those born in this year will be learned, rich, enjoy a good life, and will respect elders and gods.|
|44||Sadharana||People born in this year will commit bad deeds, may have to migrate, and suffer on account of women.|
|45||Virodhikritu||The person of this year will be against society, parents and may become an outcast.|
|46||Paridhavi||The person of this year will become a learned man. He will be of great intelligence and enjoy success in business.|
|47||Pramodisha||People born in this year will be against their relatives. His house may face disasters and he may be full of ill will.|
|48||Ananda||The person of this year will have a good family life. His children will be good.|
|49||Rakshasa||Those who are born this year will be happy but may hurt others.|
|50||Nala||The person of this year will be a good businessman and will become rich.|
|51||Pingala||Those who are born this year will suffer from ailments of his head.|
|52||Kalayukti||The person of this year will be artistically inclined, will be a great friend, earn a good name, enjoy a long life, and may become rich. He is likely to suffer from some diseases.|
|53||Saddhartha||Those who are born in this year will be a great friend, earn a good name, and enjoy long life and riches.|
|54||Roudri||Those born in this year will have a short life, heavy physique, and may be inclined to do bad deeds. They may become a menace to others.|
|55||Durmathi||Those born in this year will be selfish, unhelpful, and may harm others.|
|56||Dundubhi||The person born in this year will be enthusiastic in his day-to-day affairs.|
|57||Rudhirodgari||The person born in this year will be inclined to do bad deeds, may suffer from one or more diseases, and maybe operated upon.|
|58||Rakthakshi||The person born in this year will be even-tempered, kind, and helpful to others.|
|59||Krodhana||Those born in this year will tend to cheat others, will be lethargic and harmful to others.|
|60||Kshaya||Those who are born this year will lose their ancestral property and may do anything to gratify their needs.|