Lord Prajapati or Brahma is known to be the embodiment of Samvatsara that is widely used to explore a different segment of time like day, ritus (seasons), Ayana, and Month masa.

The term “Samvatsara” is a Sanskrit word for ‘year’ in the Vedic literature. It roughly means a period of one full year sidereal when the Sun enters the sign of Aries. Some astrologers define it as the time in which Brihaspati (planet Jupiter) with its average speed crosses the journey of one zodiac sign and moves on to the next. According to this definition, when Jupiter completes the entire circle of traversing all 12 zodiac signs, it comprises 12 Samvatsaras. During the entire journey, Jupiter is either close-by or far from planet Earth based on which it creates positive or negative influences for an individual.

The Hindu calendar has a cycle of 60 years and is named from Prabhava to Kshaya. Generally, the new Hindu year begins at the end of April every year. In the current cycle, the year Prabhava coincides with the Christian year 1987.

These 60 Samvatsaras repeats in a cycle of 12 years. The significator of the year is Shani, Saturn, which takes approximately 30 years to complete the entire twelve signs of the zodiac. The yugas of periods began when both Jupiter and Saturn were at 0-degree of Aries. So, if we take the lowest common multiple between the motion of Jupiter and Saturn (approximately 12 years and 30 years), we get the count of 60.

Therefore, every 60 years, both Jupiter and Saturn reach the 0-degree of Aries, and this interplay between both the planets, the angles formed, the influences that arise due to the combination, significantly affect the Samvatsaras and the individuals.

The sixty Samvatsaras (Prabhava to Kshaya) are divided into three groups of 20 Samvatsaras each wherein the first group of 20 Samvatsaras (Prabhava to Vyaya) is assigned to Lord Brahma, the next group of 20 Samvatsaras (Sarvajit to Parabhava) to Lord Vishnu, and the last 20 (Plavanga to Kshaya) to Lord Shiva.

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Samvatsara from 1900 AD to 2020 AD

A chart showing the Hindu years (Samvatsara) from the Christian era 1900 to 2020 is given below:

1900 Sarvari 1900 Sarvari
1901 Plava 1901 Plava
1902 Subhakritu 1902 Subhakritu
1903 Sobhakritu 1903 Sobhakritu
1904 Krodhi 1904 Krodhi
1905 Viswavasu 1905 Viswavasu
1906 Parabhava 1906 Parabhava
1907 Plavanga 1907 Plavanga
1908 Keelaka 1908 Keelaka
1909 Soumya  1909 Soumya 
1910 Sadharana 1910 Sadharana
1911 Virodhikritu 1911 Virodhikritu
1912 Paridhavi 1912 Paridhavi
1913 Pramodisha 1913 Pramodisha
1914 Ananda 1914 Ananda
1915 Rakshasa 1915 Rakshasa
1916 Nala 1916 Nala
1917 Pingala 1917 Pingala
1918 Kalyukti 1918 Kalyukti
1919 Saddhartha 1919 Saddhartha
1920 Roudri 1920 Roudri
1921 Durmathi 1921 Durmathi
1922 Dundubhi 1922 Dundubhi
1923 Rudhirodgari 1923 Rudhirodgari
1924 Rakthkashi 1924 Rakthkashi
1925 Krodhana 1925 Krodhana
1926 Kshaya 1926 Kshaya
1927 Prabhava 1927 Prabhava
1928 Vibhava 1928 Vibhava
1929 Sukla 1929 Sukla
1930 Pramodhati 1930 Pramodhati
1931 Prajothpati 1931 Prajothpati
1932 Angirasa 1932 Angirasa
1933 Srimukha 1933 Srimukha
1934 Bhava 1934 Bhava
1935 Yuva 1935 Yuva
1936 Dhatu 1936 Dhatu
1937 Eswara 1937 Eswara
1938 Bahudanya 1938 Bahudanya
1939 Pramadi 1939 Pramadi
1940 Vikrama 1940 Vikrama
1941 Vriksha 1941 Vriksha
1942 Chitrabhanu 1942 Chitrabhanu
1943 Swabhanu 1943 Swabhanu
1944 Tharana 1944 Tharana
1945 Parthiva 1945 Parthiva
1946 Vyaya 1946 Vyaya
1947 Sarvajitu 1947 Sarvajitu
1948 Sarvadhari 1948 Sarvadhari
1949 Virodhi 1949 Virodhi
1950 Vikriti 1950 Vikriti
1951 Khara 1951 Khara
1952 Nandana 1952 Nandana
1953 Vijaya 1953 Vijaya
1954 Jaya 1954 Jaya
1955 Manmatha 1955 Manmatha
1956 Durmukhi 1956 Durmukhi
1957 Hevimbi 1957 Hevimbi
1958 Vilambi 1958 Vilambi
1959 Vikari 1959 Vikari

The Samvatsara for this year is known as Sharvari (also called Zarvari or Sarvari). Each Samvatsara carries a particular essence that is correlated with its Sanskrit name along with its group ruler. The Samvatsara for this 2020-2021 year is the fourth in a group of five years ruled by the Manes.

The Manes are of two types: and are the children of Lord Brahma, also known as the Prajatis, who’re great rishis, progenitors, and protectors of the planet Earth, the animal kingdom, and the entire human race. Often called “Ancestors”, they inhabit their region between the realms of the human race (mankind) and the Gods, a place known as “Pitraloka”.

The word Sharvari means “night or twilight” or “pernicious or murderous” depending on the context with which we look at it. However, if we go by the ancestral predictions, this year is known to bring famine and trouble and that we are already seeing in the form of COVID-19 virus outbreak across the globe or in the form of locust plague spread out in parts of Africa. So, it won’t be wrong to say that the current five-year cycle ruled by the Manes (2017 – 2022) is challenging and a period of calamity for the human race.

Even in the last Sharvari cycle (during 1960) the human race experienced a similar case without the outbreak of the Great Chinese famine from 1959 – 1961.

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Influence of year of birth

No. Names of Divisions Explanation
1 Prabhava A person born in this year will have a collection of precious things, have good children, and will live long and happy.
2 Vibhava This person will be born rich and will be a person of artistic talents. They will become learned.
3 Shukla The person born this year will be very handsome, will enjoy good family life, and will be of great character. 
4 Pramodhati Those born in this year will be helpful, famous, and well-honored in life.
5 Prajothpati Those born in this year will be honest, will help the society and will be respected by others.
6 Angirasa The person born in this year will be proud, enjoy good luck, and will have male children.
7 Srimukha The person of this year will be very intelligent. They will learn many sciences and will be very successful in life.
8 Bhava People born in this year will enjoy a good life, earn fame, and will help others generously.
9 Yuva The person of this year will have a brilliant countenance and will be successful and enjoy a long life.
10 Dhathu Those born in this year will be successful in business enterprises, will be proficient in winning over enemies, and will not be a spendthrift.
11 Eswara Those born in this year will be short-tempered, proficient in many vocations and will have a good personality.
12 Bahudanya Those born in this year will be successful in military science and will be associated with vehicles.
13 Pramadi Those born in this year will be successful in business and agriculture.
14 Vikrama Those born in this year will achieve great success in life and will be courageous.
15 Vriksha People born in this year will be slow in doing things, maybe lazy and will mostly serve others as servants.
16 Chitrabhanu People born in this year will have high principles, enjoy great intelligence, and will be learned.
17 Swabhanu Those born in this year will be liked by those in power and will be powerful, fearless and at times may commit bad deeds.
18 Tharana Those born in this year will have a fickle mind. Bad deeds done by them may bring a bad name.
19 Parthiva Those who are born this year will be lucky, will enjoy a good position in life, and will have for company powerful and influential people.
20 Vyaya Those born in this year will be poor and may migrate from their home country to settle abroad.
21 Sarvajitu Those born in this year are hard workers with many interests and possible success in sciences.
22 Sarvadhari Those born in this year will have many servants, lead a life of luxury, and will enjoy life to the full.
23 Virodhi Those born in this year will travel much and will face great opposition in life.
24 Vikriti The person born in this year may be lean and dark in complexion with a defective limb and a heartless attitude at times.
25 Khara The person born in this year will have lung trouble and will be passionate.
26 Nandana Those born in this year will be happy and content.
27 Vijaya The person born in this year will be learned and will have a highly logical mind and will be respected by others.
28 Jaya The person born in this year will enjoy success and will be of great valor.
29 Manmatha Those born in this year will be rich, enjoy female company, and will acquire precious articles.
30 Durmukhi Those born in this year will be harmful, will keep company with women in the lower rungs of the society and have vulgar speech.
31 Hevimbi The person born in this year will be rich, enjoy possessions, lead a comfortable life, and will have good character.
32 Vilambi Those born in this year may tend to be greedy, lazy, and stingy.
33 Vikari The person born in this year will be fickle-minded, unwise, suffer from false pride, and may do anything for self-gratification.
34 Sarvari Those born in this year are passionate, sexually active, and incapable of doing anything on their own.
35 Plava Those born in this year will be indecisive in their day-to-day life and may keep wandering from place to place.
36 Subhakritu The person of this year is always a principled one bent on doing good to others. He will also learn many sciences and live long.
37 Sobhakritu A person of this year will have a good personality, success, and character.
38 Krodhi A person of this year will always hurry about things and spoil his undertakings. He may also be of loose morals.
39 Viswavasu Those born in this year will lead a life of luxury, choosing the best things in life. They are even-tempered and of good character.
40 Parabhava A person of this year will have extra-marital affairs, may lose money and suffer poverty.
41 Plavanga Those born in this year will be hard-working and helpful to others but may suffer from diseases.
42 Keelaka Those born in this year will have a little luster to their personality but will talk well and maybe be bad-tempered.
43 Soumya Those born in this year will be learned, rich, enjoy a good life, and will respect elders and gods.
44 Sadharana People born in this year will commit bad deeds, may have to migrate, and suffer on account of women.
45 Virodhikritu The person of this year will be against society, parents and may become an outcast.
46 Paridhavi The person of this year will become a learned man. He will be of great intelligence and enjoy success in business.
47 Pramodisha People born in this year will be against their relatives. His house may face disasters and he may be full of ill will.
48 Ananda The person of this year will have a good family life. His children will be good.
49 Rakshasa Those who are born this year will be happy but may hurt others.
50 Nala The person of this year will be a good businessman and will become rich.
51 Pingala Those who are born this year will suffer from ailments of his head.
52 Kalayukti The person of this year will be artistically inclined, will be a great friend, earn a good name, enjoy a long life, and may become rich. He is likely to suffer from some diseases.
53 Saddhartha Those who are born in this year will be a great friend, earn a good name, and enjoy long life and riches.
54 Roudri Those born in this year will have a short life, heavy physique, and may be inclined to do bad deeds. They may become a menace to others.
55 Durmathi Those born in this year will be selfish, unhelpful, and may harm others.
56 Dundubhi The person born in this year will be enthusiastic in his day-to-day affairs.
57 Rudhirodgari The person born in this year will be inclined to do bad deeds, may suffer from one or more diseases, and maybe operated upon.
58 Rakthakshi The person born in this year will be even-tempered, kind, and helpful to others.
59 Krodhana Those born in this year will tend to cheat others, will be lethargic and harmful to others.
60 Kshaya Those who are born this year will lose their ancestral property and may do anything to gratify their needs.

 

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