The biggest festival for all devotees of Lord Shiva, the term Maha Shivaratri means ‘the great night of Shiva’. An annual Hindu festival dedicated to Lord Shiva, Maha Shivratri sees Hindus all over the world observe this festival with great devotion and fervour. On this auspicious day, people honour Lord Shiva by visiting Shiva temples, offering special prayers and poojas, continuous chanting of ‘Om Namah Shivaya’, and staying awake at night. While these are the standard practices followed on the occasion of Maha Shivratri, devotees also take up fasts and begin new endeavours on this auspicious day. The day is celebrated across countries like India, Nepal, and Mauritius, with government holidays being declared. Maha Shivratri is observed on the fourteenth night of the dark fortnight in the Hindu lunar month Falgun or Magha. It usually falls in February or March, in the Gregorian calendar.
When is Maha Shivratri 2022?
Maha Shivratri Date (2022 Maha Shivaratri) – March 1, 2022, Tuesday.
Maha Shivratri is celebrated on the Krishna paksha Chaturdashi (14th day of the waning phase) of the Hindu month, Falgun or Magha. In the North Indian Panchang (Purnimant Panchang), it is the month Falgun and, in the South Indian Panchang (Amavasyant Panchang), it is the month of Magha. In both of these systems, Maha Shivratri occurs on the same day and, hence, the date in the Gregorian Calendar remains the same for the entire India. This year, the festival will be celebrated with great pomp and joy, right at the beginning of March.
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2022 Maha Shivratri Puja Timings:
On March 1, the Chaturdashi tithi for Maha Shivratri will begin at 3:16 AM. The tithi will end at 1:00 AM on March 2.
What is the Shubh Muhurat for Maha Shivratri 2022?Usually, devotees perform the Maha Shivratri Shiva Puja during Nishtita Kaal or midnight. Further, devotees will also celebrate the occasion and perform Pooja during all four prahars of the auspicious day.
- The First Prahar time will start at 6:21 PM and end at 9:27 PM (March 1)
- The second Prahar timing will start at 9:27 PM (March 1) and end at 12:33 AM (March 2)
- The third Prahar timing will start at 12:33 AM (March 2) and end at 3:39 AM (March 2)
- The Fourth Prahar will begin at 3:39 AM and end at 6:45 AM (March 2)
There are two major occasions here – while the 14thday of every lunar month (the day before the new moon) is considered as Shivaratri, the one falling on the Krishna paksha Chaturdasi (14th day of the waning phase) of Falgun/Magha month has the highest spiritual significance and is observed as Maha Shivratri. Devotees believe that, on this night, the northern hemisphere of the Earth positions in a way that causes a natural upsurge of energy. This energy can be optimally utilized and benefitted from if we observe all the religious rites.
On Maha Shivratri 2022, those wishing to observe vrat and stay up for a vigil at night should go through the following rules, as per the holy scriptures.
If the entire Nishithkaal (eighth Muhurat of the night) comes under Chaturdashi Tithi on the very first day, Maha Shivratri is celebrated on the same day.
If Chaturdashi Tithi touches the first part of the Nishithkaal of the second day but the entire Nishith Kaal of the first day comes under Chaturdashi Tithi, then Mahashivratri is on the first day.
Apart from the cases mentioned above, the vrat has to be observed on the second day.
Maha Shivratri Puja, Vrat & other observances
The Maha Shivaratri observances include poojas, abhisheka, fasting, and staying awake at night while immersed in prayers and meditations. As per Vedic astrology, the devotees observe fast on this day and stay awake all night, meditating or chanting prayers inside the temples. Some devotees observe strict fasting, and they avoid even the consumption of water. This helps them focus better and be more attuned to the auspicious occasion and the energy flowing through the universe. Since the fasting directions are not austere, some people choose to have food once, while others follow a fruit and milk diet based on their abilities. Devotees visiting Shiva temples perform prayers, special pujas &bring offerings to appease the deity. Those who wish to stay awake may visit the temples and spend their night chanting prayers or the ‘Om Namah Shivaya’ mantra. Some devotees chant the Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra too.
Another important ritual on Maha Shivratri is the Abhisheka on Shivalinga, which is performed by using precious elements such as milk, honey, sugar, butter, black sesame seeds, Ganga Jal, etc. After the Abhisheka or bathing of Shiva Linga, sandalwood paste and rice is applied to the linga, in addition to offering fresh fruits and flowers. In the new world, many of us do not know the significance of these rituals, but a look at the holy scriptures will tell us all the details. Indeed, according to Shiva Purana, all these observations have specific meanings.
- Bathing Shivalinga with water, milk, honey and betel leaves marks purification of the soul.
- Applying vermillion or kumkum symbolises virtue.
- Offering fruits indicates longevity and gratification of desires.
- The burning of incense symbolises wealth.
- The lighting of lamps indicates the attainment of knowledge.
- Betel leaves signify satisfaction with worldly pleasures.
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Maha Shivratri Legends
As one of the most powerful deities in Hindu mythology, Lord Shiva is considered a saviour and the harbinger of justice. Accordingly, the Maha Shivratri day is marked by some legends.
- One such legend is that Maha Shivratri is the night when Lord Shiva performed the Tandava Nritya – the cosmic dance of primordial creation, destruction, and preservation.
- Another one is that it is the occasion of Shiva-Shakthi convergence or the marriage of Lord Shiva with Goddes Parvati.
- Another legend, as per the Hindu scholars, is that it is the occasion in which Shiva saved the world by consuming the poisonous negativity and arresting it in his throat.
- For some believers, it is the occasion in which Shiva manifested his great effulgent form – Jotirmaya or Jyotirlinga to Lord Vishnu and Lord Brahma.
Indeed, while there are a number of legends espousing the importance of this day, there is one thing which we can state for certain – Maha Shivratri is a hugely significant and auspicious day for all Hindus across the world.
What are the astrological benefits of observing Shivaratri Vrat?
The Krishnapaksha Chaturdashi, or the fourteenth day of dark fortnights, is considered as Shivratri. It is the one day when you can fast and have your sins atoned. Shiva is regarded as the lord of Chaturdashi Tithi. In astrology classics, this day is essential. As per astrology, Moon is the significator of the mind, and it gets weaker on this day. Since Lord Shiva has established the Moon over his forehead, worshipping him empowers the Moon of the worshipper (in the birth chart). It gives the worshipper mental strength, willpower, courage, and toughness.
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Significance of Maha Shivratri 2022
Most of the Hindu festivals are either the commemoration of some victories or the celebration of agricultural events, such as sowing and harvesting. But Maha Shivaratri is a festival with some differences. Its importance varies with perceptions. The significances of Maha Shivratri include the following:
- On Maha Shivratri, those who strictly observe fasting and other penances are believed to achieve Moksha or liberation.
- On this occasion, the religious practices, including Yoga and meditation, work more effectively, and the benefits of mantras, such as Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra, increase
- The material pleasures and temptations are forces that bother humans a lot. Maha Shivratri puja, vrat & fast are so powerful that they help a person attain control over worldly pleasures and temptations.
- By worshipping Shiva and observing the fast for the entire Shivratri night, one can have control over negative thoughts like anger, lust, greed etc.
- On Maha Shivaratri, the universe pushes us towards the spiritual peak; the planetary positions evoke the spiritual energies that help us rise to that level. The tradition of observing the festival night-long and staying awake is to allow this flow of energy to pass through our spine.
Maha Shivratri – A Celebration of Emptiness/Darkness
As mentioned above, the 14th night of the waning phase in each month is Shivaratri, and Maha Shivaratri is the one with the highest significance. These Shivratri nights are considered the darkest nights. So, celebrating these nights is like commemorating the darkness.
Why should we celebrate the darkness?
The general perception is that darkness symbolises ignorance or evil while light symbolises knowledge or goodness. But, the word ‘Shiva’ means ‘that which is not. ‘That which is’ is the creation – those with a form. That which is not is ‘Shiva’. When we observe space, we see stars and galaxies, which are just a few spots in the vast darkness or emptiness. This enormous and unbounded emptiness is what is referred to as ‘Shiva’.
God, in every culture, is that which is all-pervading, and the only thing that can be everywhere is nothingness or emptiness. Light is not eternal; it has a beginning and an end. But darkness needs no source; it is all-pervading and all-enveloping. It can be everywhere with no beginning and no end. So, when we describe God as omnipresent or all-pervading, we are referring to the darkness or emptiness which is present everywhere and supported by nothing. It is in the lap of this vast emptiness that all creation has happened. It is this lap of emptiness that we refer to as ‘Shiva – that which is not’.Read about Akshaya Trititya
For ordinary minds seeking pleasures, darkness is evil. For the spiritual seekers whose objective is dissolution, darkness is divine. The Yogis consider Shiva as the Aadi Guru from whom the divine knowledge originated. They consider Maha Shivratri as the night of stillness on which Shiva became one with Mount Kailash. Shiva is regarded as the Mahadev – the supreme power, the destroyer, and the most compassionate.
The universe itself is a vast emptiness that holds and keeps the galaxies apart. This unbounded emptiness is what is referred to as ‘Shiva –that which is not’. Even modern science proves ‘everything comes from nothing and goes back to nothing’. Everything we see and experience as matter is a different manifestation of one energy. It is in this context that Shiva, the vast emptiness or nothingness, is referred to as the great lord, or Mahadeva. Maha Shivaratri gives a spiritual seeker the chance to understand his limitedness and to experience this oneness/emptiness – the omnipresent source of creation.
Celebrating Maha Shivratri and honouring Lord Shiva is also a way for devotees to accept the darkness around them and become one with the energies in the universe. The day teaches us that we should not look at day and night as good and evil. They are two sides of the same coin, with individual merits and demerits, and it is up to us, as humans, to make the most of all time. Celebrating Maha Shivratri is, therefore, an important way to unite with nature and divine energy.