Planets and Significators
Some of the astrological terms are defined below.
Dasa : The rising sign at the time of birth which is called Lagna or Radical.
Apoklima : The 3rd, 6th, 9th and 12 th houses from the rising sign.
Ayanas : Uttarayana and Dhakshinayana are the two periods of sixmonths each into which Hindu Astrological year is divided. The former denotes the period when the sun is in the Northern Circle between Capricorn to Cancer. The latter is the period when the Sun is in Southern Circle between Cancer and Capricorn.
Athichara (Acceleration) : The movement of a planet faster than its mean velocity.
Common Signs : Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius and Pisces.
Conjunction : The location of two or more planets in the same longitude. Conjunctions is very powerful if the planets are in the same degree and minute.
Dignities : A planet is dignified when it occupies its own house, Its moolatrikona or Exaltation,aspected by a benefic, unaspected by a malefic, when it is not retrograde and when it is increasing in light.
Fixed Signs : Taurus, Scorpio and Aquarius.
Janma Nakshatra : The asterism ruled by the Moon at the time of birth of a person.
Gochara : The configuration of planets at any given time.
Degrees of main Exaltation of Planets
The following table shows the degree of main exaltation of the different planets
|Planet Exaltation||Sign Degree of main Exaltation|
Planets and Significators
|Sun||Soul of Atma or Eye|
|Mars||Physical Courage and Strength|
|Mercury||Speech and power of eloquence|
|Jupiter||Wisdom or Vedic Knowledge and Gnana|
|Saturn||Sorrow and Misery|
Planetary Characteristics (Karakathwas)
|Sun||Royal Cast, fond of hot things, shoulders, bold, status, temples, father, soul fame, red colour.|
|Moon||Intelligent ,stout body, sweet speech, phlegmatic, mother,gems, mind water, saltish white colour.|
|Mars||Bold, Capricious, advantageous, fiery places, brothers and sisters, servants, red colour, military science.|
|Mercury||Witty , Flexible nature, prudent, cunning, good speech, knowledge, handsome countenance, green colour, intelligence, learning.|
|Jupiter||Stout body, gold colour, charitable, priesthood, children charitable, treasure, yellow colour,honour, wisdom.|
|Venus||Sexual pleasure, luxuries of life, charming ladies, wealth,vehicle, sour taste.|
|Saturn||Dark colour ,tall,large teeth, windy constitution, cruel, vindictive,lazy, death, acid taste.|
|Rahu||Tanks, cultivation, rest houses and maternal grand-father.|
|Ketu||Grand parents, griefs,emancipation or moksham|
Duration of each house or Lagna
Ascendant in a day differ from place to place. Duration of each house for South India is given as an example:
|Mesha||1 hr 36 min|
|Libra||2 hr 6 min.|
|Vrishaba||1 hr 48 min|
|Scorpio||3 hr 12 min.|
|Mithuna||2 hr 6 min|
|Dhanus||2 hr 12 min|
|Kataka||2 hr 12 min|
|Makara||2 hr 6 min.|
|Simha||2 hr 6 min.|
|Kumbha||1 hr 46 min|
|Virgo||2 hr 6 min.|
|Meena||1 hr 36 min.|
Planets in their exalted house give full results. Planets in their own and moolathrikonas gives 3/4 results. Planets in their friendly signs give 1/2 good results. Planets in their unfriendly signs give 1/4 good results. Planets in their debilitated signs do not give any good.
Time One Vigati – 24 seconds 2 1/2 Vigatis – 1 minute. One Ghatika – 24 minutes 2 1/2 Ghatikas -1 hour. 60 Ghatikas – A day of 24 hours.
The duration of the planetary Dasha periods
|Mars (Kuja)||7 years|
Asthangatha or Setting of Planet
If a planet is located within a particular degree from the sun becomes asthangatha or the planet becomes set. It can only raise when it goes away from the Sun behind their respective degrees.
Moon becomes asthangatha within 12 degrees from the Sun. Mercury becomes asthangatha within 17 degrees from the Sun. Mercury (when retrograde) within 12 degrees from the Sun.Jupiter becomes asthangatha within 11 degrees from the Sun. Venus becomes asthangatha within 10 degrees from the Sun. Saturn becomes asthangatha within 15 degress from the Sun.