According to Hindu belief, Utpanna Ekadashi marks the celebration of the victory of Lord Vishnu over the demon “Murasura.” It also marks the birth of Ekadashi Mata as she was born on Utpanna Ekadashi day. The northern states of India celebrate Utpanna Ekadashi in the month of “Margashirsha.” In the states of Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, and Maharashtra, Utpanna Ekadashi is celebrated during the month of Karthik. As per the Malayalam Calendar, Utpanna Ekadashi falls in the Vrischika or Thulam Masam. The Tamilian calendar observes Utpanna Ekadashi during Karthigai Masam or Aippasi. Lord Vishnu and Ekadashi Mata are worshipped on the eve of Utpanna Ekadashi.
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When is Utpanna Ekadashi in 2020?
In the year 2020, Utpanna Ekadashi will be celebrated on Thursday, December 10. Utpanna Ekadashi is celebrated every year on the eleventh day (Ekadashi) of Krishna Paksha, the waning phase of the moon, in the month of Margashirsha. Utpanna Ekadashi is also known as Uttpatti Ekadashi. The Hindu month of Margashirsha usually falls between November and December. This is the first Ekadashi fast that arrives after the Karthik Purnima. Utpanna Ekadashi fasts are undertaken to absolve oneself of all the sins, both of the past and the present lives.
Utpanna Ekadashi Dates from 2020 to 2025
2020 Thursday, December 10
2021 Tuesday, November 30
2022 Sunday, November 20
2023 Friday, December 8
2024 Tuesday, November 26
2025 Saturday, November 15
Utpanna Ekadashi 2020 Muhurat
Ekadashi Tithi begins on December 10, 2020, at 12:51 PM.
Ekadashi Tithi ends on December 11, 2020, at 10:04 AM.
Hari Vasara ends on December 11, 2020, at 3:18 PM.
Parana Time is on December 11, 2020, from 7:02 AM to 9:09 AM.
Dwadashi ends on December 12, 2020, at 7:02 AM.
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Utpanna Ekadashi Pooja Vidhi:
- Utpanna Ekadashi fast starts early in the morning of Ekadashi and concludes at the sunrise of ‘Dwadashi’. Devotees undertake fast from the tenth day by consuming ‘saatvik meal’ before sunset and observing Brahmacharya. Consuming any grains, pulses, and rice on this day is prohibited for all.
- On Ekadashi day, devotees wake up before dawn. After having completed their daily routine and cleansing their bodies, they worship and offer prayers to Lord Krishna in the Brahma Muhurta. Upon completing the morning rituals, they worship Lord Vishnu and Ekadashi Mata offering prayers to them and singing hymns and bhajans in their praise.
- A special bhog or feast offering is prepared and offered to the deities and devotees to seek the blessings of Lord Vishnu and Mata Ekadashi. Chanting Vedic mantras and hymns throughout this day augurs divine blessings and fruitful results for the devotees. The fast is stringent and strict. Devotees who are unwell and yet wish to undertake the fast can partake of fruits and milk during the fast.
- On Utpanna Ekadashi devotees donate to the poor and needy, which is considered a highly pious and rewarding deed. Devotees donate clothes, food, money, and other essential items according to their ability and capacity.
- On Dwadashi day, devotees wake up before dawn. After having bath offer prayers to Lord Vishnu and Ekadashi Mata and after worshipping the deities, the Utpanna Ekadashi fast is completed by partaking the bhog, or the Prasad offered to the gods.
Ekadashi Vrat Fasting Days
There are 23 Ekadashi Vrat (Fasts) apart from Utpanna Ekadashi in a year that either falls during Krishna and Shukla Paksha of the Hindu calendar. Each of these Ekadashi tithis holds significant importance to Hindu traditions and is popularly known with various Ekadashi names.
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Significance of Utpanna Ekadashi
Hindu scriptures such as the “Bhavishyottara Purana” written in conversation form between Lord Krishna and King Yudhishthira describe the significance of Utpanna Ekadashi.
Utpanna Ekadashi 2020 shares the same importance as other auspicious festivals like “Sankranthi” when devotees are blessed for performing charitable deeds and donating to the poor and the needy or taking holy bath during pilgrimages. Utpanna Ekadashi fasts also denote fasting for the three main deities of Hinduism – Lord Brahma, Vishnu, and Maheshwara and when observed with utmost devotion and perseverance, the devotees are granted divine blessings.
It is a belief that devotees observing Utpanna Ekadashi are absolved from their sins and attain moksha or salvation. They gain entry into the celestial world of ‘Vaikunth’, the abode of Lord Vishnu, after death. The exaltation of Utpanna Ekadashi is said to be even greater than donating 1000 cows in charity.
Utpanna Ekadashi Vrat Katha
Like every Ekadashi fasts, Utpanna Ekadashi has an interesting story behind it. Legend has it that a demon named Murasura created havoc and terror in the three worlds after he gained victory over heaven. His evil powers and deeds instilled terror in all the deities. Lord Indra, Vayu Deva, and Agni Deva were all helpless and powerless in comparison to the power of Murasura. They were afraid that Murasura would gain control of all the three worlds and destroy all the deities. In desperation, they sought the help of Lord Shiva to defeat and kill Murasura. Lord Shiva directed them to Lord Vishnu to seek protection from Murasura. On hearing the problems faced by the deities, Lord Vishnu reassured them that Murasura would be defeated and killed. Thus, the war between Murasura and Lord Vishnu started and raged on for hundreds of years. Murasura was unstoppable due to his powers. The war left Lord Vishnu tired and he decided to take a rest in a cave named Himavati. As Lord Vishnu slept in the cave, Murasura decided to kill Lord Vishnu inside the cave.
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As he was about to strike Lord Vishnu, a beautiful woman appeared from the body of Lord Vishnu and fought the demon valiantly. She severed Murasura’s head as he fell unconscious. When Lord Vishnu woke up, he was shocked to the see demon being killed. As the beautiful woman was borne from Lord Vishnu, he named her Ekadashi. Lord Vishnu blessed Goddess Ekadashi and bestowed that whoever worshipped Goddess Ekadashi would be free of all their past and present sins and would attain liberation or moksha. Since then the day is celebrated as Utpanna Ekadashi.