Ekadashi is the 11th day in the fortnight. Ekadashis are very important in Vedic culture. Utpanna Ekadashi or Utpatti Ekadashi is observed on the eleventh day of Krishna Paksha (waning phase) during the Margashirsh month. The 2021 Utpanna Ekadashi falls on Tuesday, 30 November.
According to ancient history, Utpanna Ekadashi marks the celebration of the victory of Lord Vishnu over the demon Murasura. It also marks the birth of Ekadashi Mata as she was born on this day. Observing fast on this day absolves the devotee of all sins past and present. Those wanting to initiate Ekadashi fasts should start with the fast on the Utpanna Ekadashi.
Utpanna Ekadashi in different parts of the country
While the northern states of India celebrate Utpanna Ekadashi in the month of Margashirsha, in states like Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, and Maharashtra, it is celebrated during the month of Karthik. As per the Malayalam Calendar, Utpanna Ekadashi falls in the Vrischika or Thulam Masam. The Tamilian calendar observes Utpanna Ekadashi during Karthigai Masam or Aippasi. Lord Vishnu and Ekadashi Mata are worshipped on the eve of Utpanna Ekadashi. The month of Margashirsha usually falls between November and December. This is the first Ekadashi fast that arrives after the Karthik Purnima.
Utpanna Ekadashi 2021 Muhurat
The timelines for Utpanna Ekadashi 2021 are as given below:
Utpanna Ekadashi Vrat: 30 November 2021
Parana Time: 1 December 2021, 5: 24 AM to 8:12 AM
Hari Vasara End Moment On Parana Day: 7:34 AM
Ekadashi Tithi Start Time: 30 November 2021, 4:13 AM
Ekadashi Tithi End Time: 1 December 2021, 2:13 AM
Utpanna Ekadashi Pooja Vidhi
Utpanna Ekadashi fast starts a day before and concludes at ‘Dwadashi’’s sunrise the day after.
- The devotee wakes up during Brahma Muhurta on the day of the Ekadashi.
- They take a bath and wear clean clothes.
- The house too has to be in clean condition.
- After completing the morning rituals, the worship of Lord Vishnu and Ekadashi Mata begins by offering prayers and singing hymns and bhajans, highlighting their powers.
- Fasting for Ekadashi day begins the day before. Devotees start the fast after consuming a sattvic meal before sunset on the tenth day. Consuming any grains, pulses, and rice on Ekadashi day is prohibited for all. All devotees are to observe the fast with rigour.
- Those who are unwell can partake of fruits and milk during the fast.
- A special bhog or feast offering is prepared and offered to the deities and devotees to seek the blessings of Lord Vishnu and Mata Ekadashi.
- Chanting Vedic mantras and hymns throughout this day invites divine blessings and fruitful results for the devotees.
- Donating to the poor and needy is considered highly pious and rewarding to those who indulge in it on Ekadashi. It is customary to donate clothes, food, money, and other essential items to those in need by the devotees on Utpanna Ekadashi.
- The fast ends on Dwadashi day. On this day, devotees wake up before dawn. After having a bath and offering prayers to Lord Vishnu and Ekadashi Mata and after worshipping the deities, the Utpanna Ekadashi fast is completed by partaking the bhog, or the Prasad offered to the gods.
Significance of Utpanna Ekadashi
Utpanna Ekadashi fasts denote fasting for the three main deities of Hinduism – Lord Brahma, Vishnu, and Maheshwara. When observed with utmost devotion and perseverance, the devotees are granted divine blessings. It is believed that devotees observing Utpanna Ekadashi are absolved from their sins and attain moksha or salvation. After death, they gain entry into the celestial world of ‘Vaikuntha, the abode of Lord Vishnu. The exaltation of Utpanna Ekadashi is said to be even greater than donating 1000 cows to charity. Utpanna Ekadashi shares the same importance as other auspicious festivals like Sankranthi when devotees are blessed for performing charitable deeds and contributing to the poor and the needy or taking holy baths during pilgrimages. Also, fasting during the Ekadashi does good to the body and health of the devotee.
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Utpanna Ekadashi Vrat Katha
The Utpanna Ekadashi has an interesting story behind it. In Satyuga, there was a demon named Mura. He was a powerful demon. His father, Nadijung, nurtured a civilization named Chandravati. Murasura turned Chandravati heaven-like and lured in the Devas. Then he conquered heaven itself. Murasura created havoc and terror in the three worlds. His grip over the worlds became so complete that Devas worried they would cease to exist. Lord Indra, Vayu Deva, and Agni Deva were all helpless and powerless against the powers of Murasura.
In desperation, they sought the help of Lord Shiva at Kailasam to defeat and kill Murasura. Lord Shiva felt the subject of Mura fell under the jurisdiction of Lord Vishnu and asked Devas to approach him. The Devas went to Kshirsagar and met Lord Vishnu. On hearing the problems faced by the deities, Lord Vishnu assured them that Murasura would be defeated and conquered. Thus, the war between Murasura and Lord Vishnu started and raged on for hundreds of years. Murasura was unstoppable due to his powers. The war left Lord Vishnu in fatigue. He called a time-out and retreated to cave Hemvati to take some rest. Murasura knew he would not be able to keep up with Lord Vishnu for long. So he decided to kill Lord Vishnu while asleep.
As he was about to strike Lord Vishnu, a beautiful woman appeared from the body of Lord Vishnu and fought the demon. Murasura stood no chance. The woman defeated him as she severed his head. Lord Vishnu woke up and saw the demon lying dead on the floor. He smiled at the woman and blessed her. Since she took genesis from within him, Lord Vishnu named her Utpanna. She was born on the Ekadashi in the month of Kartik. Since then, the day has been celebrated as Utpanna Ekadashi.
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Utpanna Ekadashi Dates from 2021 to 2025
2021 Tuesday, 30 November
2022 Sunday, 20 November
2023 Friday, 8 December
2024 Tuesday, 26 November
2025 Saturday, 15 November